HTTP/1.0 200 OK Content-Type: text/html Fear Runs High In Mexico Town
Pubdate: Tue, 08 Mar 2005
Source: Dallas Morning News (TX)
Copyright: 2005 The Dallas Morning News
Contact:  http://www.dallasnews.com/
Details: http://www.mapinc.org/media/117
Author: Tracey Eaton and ALFREDO CORCHADO / The Dallas Morning News
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  FEAR RUNS HIGH IN MEXICO TOWN

Even With Police Patrols, Drug-Related Deaths Have Nuevo Laredo Rattled

NUEVO LAREDO, Mexico - Hundreds of federal police agents fanned out across 
this violence-scarred border town Monday to try to bring some peace to the 
streets, but that did little to calm the nerves of frightened residents who 
have seen more than 20 drug-related murders this year alone. In the latest 
violence over the weekend, two gunmen were arrested after allegedly firing 
pistols at city police officers, and four men were machine-gunned to death.

"Four killed in one day!" screamed the headline of Nuevo Laredo's La Tarde 
newspaper Monday.

Authorities on both sides of the Rio Grande say the bloodshed is happening 
now because rival drug traffickers are fighting for control of the city, a 
key corridor for Texas-bound cocaine, marijuana and heroin. The bodies of 
two unidentified men killed Saturday night showed signs of torture, police 
said. Local newspapers splashed color photos of their bodies across the 
front pages Monday.

"One victim's head blown off by a machine gun blast," La Tarde said. But 
many Nuevo Laredo residents say they aren't interested in such gruesome 
details. And many would rather not get involved or even talk about the 
violence. They're understandably afraid, said Arturo A. Fontes, a special 
agent for the FBI. "People across the border live life with a gun pointed 
to their head," he said. Everyday fears are evident in the police officer 
who still doesn't know how to use a gun and constantly looks over his 
shoulder, the businessman who's had enough of Mexico's mayhem and is moving 
across the border to Laredo with his family, the reporter who "limits" 
himself in what he writes for fear of retaliation from a shadowy hit squad 
known as the Zetas. "We're all selling our houses and moving across the 
border to Texas," said Alicia Anaya, 76, a retired vendor who sat Monday 
with her son and daughter in the shade of a Nuevo Laredo newspaper stand.

She said she and her family prefer to live in Laredo because they feel it's 
safer. But they spend a lot of time in Nuevo Laredo. "Nobody bothers you," 
said her daughter, Lety Corona, 43. But, her mother quickly added, "The 
problem is, you never know whether you're going to get caught in the 
crossfire when strangers start shooting at each other."

Fighting back The 600 newly arrived federal police officers - 500 police 
agents and 100 specially trained anti-narcotics officers - streamed into 
town at dawn Sunday. Their mission is to take back the city from drug 
traffickers and end the violence that has left 21 people dead this year.

Violence along the U.S.-Mexico border has reached unprecedented levels, top 
U.S. law enforcement officials say. One called the problem "a very serious 
and worrisome matter, one that's about to go from bad to worse." "We're 
closely monitoring events along the border and the situation is alarming," 
said the U.S. official who spoke on the condition of anonymity. Such words 
normally get Mexican government officials up in arms, defensive, evoking 
words of nationalism and sovereignty. Not so here along the border where 
residents say they know better.

Take Julio Salas, a 70-year-old junkyard owner who before speaking 
nervously looked around as his dog, called Cansado, or Tired, slept next to 
him. "Sometimes you need an outsider to tell you the obvious. In this town, 
laws don't work anymore. Authorities aren't respected. The drug traffickers 
are bigger than the Catholic Church. That's the harsh truth." Mr. Salas 
said that often thugs come to his junkyard to retrieve vehicles seized from 
them. They don't pay. All they do is show him their AK-47s and say, "Old 
man, move aside."

"I'm not even sure why I'm here," Mr. Salas said. Permanent violence?

Over the last two years, residents and law enforcement officials along the 
border have witnessed how the breakup of long-established power groups in 
the drug trade has raised the stakes of the drug war and prompted what 
seems like a permanent - not cyclical - context of violence. The reason? 
They say the rules of the game have changed. Where before, border residents 
who had no ties to the trade could sidestep it in their daily lives, now 
they say their daily lives are affected by the violence. The trend has 
important consequences for Texas. Although Texas locals still cross the 
border to visit family and shop, there is a growing sense that the 
unpredictability of the violence might permanently cripple cross-border 
traffic. Some middle-class Mexicans interviewed here have also engaged in 
an unprecedented wave of legal migration, opting to live instead on the 
American side of the border - in cities like El Paso, Brownsville, McAllen 
and Laredo - to escape the violence.

That's why a Mexican businessman from Nuevo Laredo moved his family to 
Laredo. After refusing to pay an extortion fee to the Zetas, the 
businessman began to receive death threats. It was time to go, he said. He 
now lives near a golf course and travels back and forth across the border. 
"I feel like a political refugee, seeking protection from violence," said 
the businessman who asked not to be identified.

"We're not seeing a mass exodus because while there is fear, only a few 
people can actually afford to live here," said real estate agent Ana Ochoa. 
"The ones who consider coming to Laredo are the wealthy people. Others 
can't afford to have to pay for U.S. properties."

Troublesome sign Even so, the very idea that Mexico's middle class is 
increasingly fed up with their country's deteriorating security situation 
is a worrisome sign, academics say.

"It's the middle class who make government, the ones who make the social 
support networks and businesses function," said Jon Amastae, director for 
the InterAmerican and Border Studies Program at the University of Texas at 
El Paso. "They are essential to Mexico's future. With them leaving, it's a 
bad sign for the country."

Moreover, police on both sides of the border say they're uncovering larger, 
more dangerous weapons - .38 specials have been replaced by .50-caliber 
machine guns, bazookas, grenades and other high-power firearms - and a new 
culture of threat and intimidation has emerged.

"What's different here is the violence," Mr. Amastae said. "We're seeing 
weapons like never before."

Instead of negotiating a peaceful coexistence with Mexican officials, the 
cartels appear to be unilaterally calling the shots. The arrest last month 
of a suspected mole inside Mexico's presidential palace is just the latest 
example of the reach of these powerful drug traffickers. "Mexico's 
organized crime has become disorganized crime," said Agent Fontes of the 
FBI. "It's way out of control and much bolder." Further, the local 
newspaper here, El Manana, has also taken drastic action to protect its 
staff from violence. The newspaper, explained editor Ramon Cantu Deandar, 
39, is "now self-censuring itself. We watch what we write. We're trying not 
to be too aggressive against any cartel. We remain neutral." And he added, 
"The violence here on the border is not unlike the violence you see in 
Baghdad. There American and other foreign journalists also think twice 
before leaving their hotels. That's the same thing here. It's not so much 
censuring as it is survival."
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