Organization recognizes officer of the year
North Bay police Const. Mitch Thomas is surprised how many people
still get behind the wheel after consuming alcohol.
Thomas arrested six people for impaired in 2017 and was recognized
during Tuesday's monthly police services board meeting as the Mothers
Against Drunk Driving officer of the year.
Thomas, who has been an officer for the past three years, said he
still remembers the first motorist he charged with impaired.
"It was a gentleman from out of town. We got the call just after the
bar rush," Thomas said.
[continues 213 words]
Vernon City Hall continues to walk a line of uncertainty over how and
where marijuana might be legally purchased in the city.
While Ottawa is on board with legalizing the sale of marijuana, the
province is yet to work out the rules for its retail
As a result, all B.C. communities are left in a zoning bylaw quandary
on how to proceed.
In response on Monday, council gave first reading to bylaw 5000
amendments limiting the sale of cannabis in Vernon retail outlets to
provide some legal clarification until the province mandates how and
where marijuana is to be sold.
[continues 362 words]
The ban on cannabis businesses extends to July and does not include
current medical dispensaries
Only two people presented their views at a public hearing held by city
hall on Monday to get the public's reaction to a proposed moratorium
on recreational cannabis sales. Both presentations took less than one
Brenton Raby said he supports the moratorium. He said he hopes the
city will change its terminology by replacing the word "marijuana"
with the word "cannabis."
Herb Couch said he is pleased that the moratorium does not include
[continues 178 words]
Ahead of its July deadline for legalizing recreational marijuana use
in Canada, the federal government has launched a ad campaign warning
of the risks of drug-impaired driving. I wonder if any elected
official has noticed ads warning against drinking and driving have not
eliminated drunk driving. The new ads won't work either. The way to
curb drug-impaired driving is to not make cannabis legal for
recreational purposes. Cannabis should only be marketed for seriously
ill people on a doctor's prescription.
The federal with a handful of minor revisions, passed its third and
final reading in the House of Commons November 27 and has moved on to
the Senate for further review and discussion.
A total of 200 Members of Parliament voted in favour of the
legislation - Bill C-45 - with 82 voting against it.
Following the final vote, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau tweeted "we're
one step closer to legalizing & regulating marijuana. #BillC45 means
less money for organized crime and harder access for our kids."
[continues 383 words]
Adverse childhood experiences linked to drug abuse, says TrinaLarsen
The opioid epidemic is the biggest public health crisis to hit B.C. in
decades. Upwards of four people a day are dying of overdoses, usually
due to fentanyl poisoning of the street drug supply.
To date the B.C. government has committed $322 million to address the
crisis, including opening more supervised consumption sites, providing
naloxone kits, urging people not to use alone, and trying to stop
tainted drugs from coming into B.C.
[continues 668 words]
Corrections officials have antidote available for potential
Fentanyl has been found within all the province's adult correctional
centres, a provincial spokesman has confirmed.
The drug has made the news repeatedly, blamed for a rash of deaths
throughout the country. As with other trends in the illegal drug
world, Saskatchewan has been far from immune, having witnessed a
number of deaths and non-fatal overdoses related to this and other
Drew Wilby, spokesman for the Ministry of Justice, said one other
pattern has proved true here - that what's available on the streets is
also available in jail.
[continues 516 words]
Let's shift our approach, writes Dr. Trina Larsen Soles
The opioid epidemic is the biggest public health crisis to hit in
One potential response, in addition to opening more supervised
consumption sites, providing better access to Naloxone kits, urging
people not to use alone, and trying to stop tainted drugs from being
accessible - could be to deepen our public understanding and shift our
approach to a more compassionate and effective outcome: recognizing
and addressing the underlying role of adverse childhood experiences
and how they make individuals more vulnerable to substance use.
[continues 575 words]
Re Majority Of Canadians Are Against Legalizing Pot By July 1, Poll
Finds (Jan. 3): Yet again, we're told that Canadians do not want to
rush our municipalities, provinces and country into legalized marijuana.
In the more than two years since the election of a government
supporting the legalization of recreational marijuana, reactionary
talking heads have taken every opportunity to stall and delay the
We have had more than ample time to discuss the important issues and
prepare as well as can be expected for the legal sale and distribution
of cannabis in Canada. California, a state with a population greater
than Canada, voted to legalize recreational marijuana in November of
2016 and the product is already available for purchase in their state.
[continues 52 words]
Re. "Opioids kill hundreds," Dec. 28
This is a terrible tragedy and health professionals need to be
supported in their evidence-based efforts to prevent these deaths.
However, this story, like many media reports, inaccurately frames the
approval of four supervised drug injection sites in Edmonton as a
"positive development" in efforts to prevent these deaths.
In contrast, the Journal's headline on the day after these sites were
announced was "Injection sites may do little for fentanyl crisis,
experts say" (Feb. 23, 2017).
[continues 118 words]
Editor's Note: This is the fourth in a series of stories focusing on
people in Nova Scotia who will be delving into the marijuana industry.
Fish urine is the secret sauce that will allow some 50,000 cannabis
plants to thrive in Liverpool. We'll get to that momentarily. Myrna
Gillis, founder and president of Aqualitas, reported recently her
company had collected $8.7 million from investors across Canada and
the United States.
Three years into the making, and Gillis says Aqualitas has its sights
set on a cultivating licence next month, allowing a minimum of 60
people to go to work in a job-starved area that was devastated by the
closure of the Bowater newsprint mill in 2012. The Aqualitis plant
itself occupies the former Bowater site.
[continues 552 words]
Re: "Marijuana isn't without its risks," Letter, Jan. 4.
As is typical of marijuana scaremongers, Jack Falk misconstrues the
fact that marijuana metabolites are detectable in the body for a
longer period than alcohol. The effects of marijuana (the high, if you
will), however, are fairly short-lived (two to three hours if smoked,
six to 12 hours if ingested). The letter writer needs to educate
himself a little before making such easily repudiated claims.
Ted Tarrant, Calgary
The B.C. government will soon be weeding through resumes as the
province looks to hire the right people to run its marijuana-sales
The province will be the sole wholesale distributor of recreational
pot through the B.C. Liquor Distribution Branch when cannabis becomes
legal across Canada, which is expected to happen this summer.
The B.C. Public Service Agency is advertising two jobs - executive
director and director of merchandising - for the liquor branch's
Qualifications for the executive director job, which pays between
$126,000 and $140,000 a year, include having a post-secondary degree
in a related field and "several years of progressive senior leadership
experience" in leading a wholesale and retail division.
[continues 116 words]
Even though Ernest Small was the biggest legal grower of legal
marijuana in North America back in the 1970s and is the federal
government's foremost pot expert, the Canadian researcher is in
disbelief that the country is on the cusp of legalizing the drug's
The principal research scientist for Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada,
who was named to the Order of Canada last week, says the aura around
marijuana in government and law enforcement circles was "repressive
and conservative" for decades.
[continues 683 words]
They climb high buildings, bend steel and do dangerous jobs with
little room for error, but while sounding a bit like superheroes, many
fly under the radar as they struggle with mental health and addiction
A construction industry program that offers additional services and
mental health treatment has seen demand more than double in the past
year, driven by the fentanyl epidemic and the organization's efforts
to reach more workers.
"It is frightening what is happening in our industry. One of the
reasons we are seeing so many people coming in is because they are
scared," Vicky Waldron, executive director of the Construction
Industry Rehabilitation Plan, told Postmedia News.
[continues 994 words]
At least 200 potential marijuana retailers have expressed interest in
setting up shop in Calgary, says the city official responsible for
planning for the impending legalization of recreational cannabis.
Matt Zabloski said retail expectations could be getting out of hand,
depending on provincial directives on how such shops will be located
and regulated - guidelines that should be provided next month.
"There are a lot of people putting a lot of money into this now and
there are no guarantees," said Zabloski, who's working with as many as
17 city business units to prepare for legalization, expected to take
effect this summer.
[continues 535 words]
Until province reveals its full plans, revision of bylaws is stuck in
The landscape for legal marijuana in Saskatoon remains hazy, even
though the provincial government released part of its plan.
On Monday, Mayor Charlie Clark told reporters he welcomed more clarity
from the province, but could not guarantee the city's complex
regulatory regime will be in place for July 1, the federal
government's target date for marijuana legalization.
Clark spoke after a city council committee discussed possible bylaw
changes that will depend on the provincial rules. Saskatchewan remains
the only province that has not released its plan for legalized marijuana.
[continues 543 words]
One can only hope that people around the world are enlightened enough
not to follow Canada's commitment to making its citizens brainless for
good all for the sake of a vibrant marijuana industry making big money.
The euphoria marijuana creates is short, while the miserable life it
sometimes produces for its worshippers is a struggle and not the kind
of life worth living.
Bozenna Siedlecka, Port Moody
Regina's mayor is faulting the province for "drip, drip, dripping "
information on marijuana regulation, and for failing to provide the
clarity the city needs to craft its own plan.
Despite his issues, he said Regina will not take advantage of the
province's offer to "say no to a licence."
The province announced Monday that cannabis will be sold through
licensed private retailers and regulated through the Saskatchewan
Liquor and Gaming Authority. But Mayor Michael Fougere said he still
has questions about how the move will affect Regina.
[continues 561 words]
New report offers control options for odour, light, noise
Norfolk County may soon have well-defined rules governing the
production of recreational and medicinal marijuana.
Marijuana production facilities have proliferated unchecked in Norfolk
over the past two years. These are medicinal in nature and loosely
governed by Health Canada regulations.
These facilities are not subject to provincial planning policies. As
such, increased production has occurred in a policy vacuum that has
given rise to land-use conflicts related to smell, noise and light
[continues 188 words]
City on deck for seven outlets, with retailers selected in a
Saskatchewan is planning to allow private retailers to sell cannabis
products, once they are legalized this summer by the federal government.
Regina will be able to have six retailers, while Saskatoon can have
seven. About 60 stores, which must be stand-alone shops and will also
be able to sell products online, will be located in 40 communities
throughout the province.
The Saskatchewan Party government is allowing communities with a
population of at least 2,500 to be eligible for a cannabis retailer.
[continues 482 words]
Surveillance intimidates clients, staff at Inner City Health's safe
All is not rosy at Ottawa's first sanctioned safe injection site in
The executive director of Ottawa Inner City Health, which operates the
legal drug-taking site from a trailer at Shepherds of Good Hope, said
Ottawa police regularly have a cruiser parked by the steps to the facility.
"We are having really significant problems currently and we're hoping
we can resolve them," said Wendy Muckle.
[continues 735 words]
Number has tripled over the past year, according to city report
A new report shows the number of marijuana dispensaries operating in
the city has tripled in the past year despite increased bylaw
According to the report released Friday, there are 46 marijuana
dispensaries operating in Hamilton, compared to 15 in operation last
While the federal government is expected to legalize marijuana this
summer, marijuana dispensaries are illegal, according to the report -
prepared by Ken Leendertse, Hamilton's director of licensing and bylaw
[continues 328 words]
Second-hand smoke concerns will cut into consumption
The war on drugs is about to get a lot more interesting, here in
And not because of another tough-talking "lock everyone up and throw
away the keys" politician. Heck, we've seen that lot come and go
without making the slightest dent in an age-old problem, though it did
help get them elected.
Nope, that was just blather, bluster and tossing peanuts to the
gallery. Sure, politicians and law enforcement agencies love that
standby news conference where oodles of some drugs, bundles of cash
and a few handguns and semiautomatic weapons are proudly displayed for
[continues 588 words]
London police are warning the public that cocaine seized in November
contained the deadly opioid fentanyl.
Health Canada tests confirmed the presence of fentanyl - an opioid 100
times more powerful than morphine - in drugs found on a 33-year-old
London man after he was arrested.
"This is the first time in London that both cocaine and fentanyl were
discovered in the same sample," police said in a news release Sunday.
"It is not confirmed if the drugs were intentionally or inadvertently
[continues 334 words]
ALERT boss says officers will focus on keeping up with tech-savvy bad
Disarming and dismantling the upper echelon of organized crime groups
in Alberta is in the sights of the province's dedicated guns and gang
investigators in 2018, says the province's integrated law enforcement
But in order to disrupt the complex networks of drug-running and
gun-toting criminals in Alberta, officers will need to stay ahead of
the technology curve as these groups - which include some of the
province's most notorious outlaw motorcycle gangs - are becoming
increasingly tech savvy.
[continues 483 words]
VANCOUVER - Dan Sutton always assumed cannabis had to be grown
The former technology professional was new to the marijuana industry
in 2012 when he founded Tantalus Labs. The stereotypical image of a
large industrial warehouse, with pot plants growing under bright
lights and fans, loomed large in his mind.
But when Sutton asked academics, horticulturists and engineers for
advice, they all told him that no crop on the planet is grown indoors
on a commercial scale.
"It just doesn't really make a huge amount of sense to replace the
energy of sunlight, which is so abundant and obviously healthy for
leafy green crops, with a synthetic alternative," he said.
[continues 730 words]
U.S. pot enforcement policy could give companies north of the border
A move by the U.S. Attorney General to quash an Obama-era policy that
allowed legalized pot to flourish south of the border dealt a blow to
marijuana stocks Thursday, but observers and industry players say the
crackdown is a boon for the Canadian cannabis industry.
On Thursday, Jeff Sessions rescinded the 2013 Obama administration
guidance that suggested the federal government would not intervene in
U.S. states where the drug is legal, which has opened the door for
several states to legalize pot for medical and recreational purposes.
[continues 317 words]
First Nations invest in KL marijuana business
KIRKLAND LAKE - Canada's marijuana industry is expanding rapidly and
some First Nations are looking to cash in on the emerging economic
Phil Fontaine, an Indigenous politician turned marijuana executive,
has spent the past year travelling the country and talking to First
Nations about jobs, wealth and training opportunities the burgeoning
marijuana business could bring.
"Everywhere we've been, it's been the same reaction, interest,
excitement," said the former national chief of the Assembly of First
Nations. "First Nations are speaking about possibilities and
potential. So it's been very encouraging. "Marijuana businesses
represent "tremendous potential" for First Nations, partially because
communities are able to get in on the ground floor, instead of
fighting to catch up years later as has traditionally been the case,
[continues 521 words]
To the editor: The commercial interests driving the rapid legalization
of marijuana in California call to mind the playbook of Big Tobacco.
("For marijuana users, it's high times as California makes
recreational use legal," Jan. 2)
Decades passed and millions of lives were harmed before the adverse
impact of cigarettes was acknowledged. During that time, Big Tobacco
stifled government investigation of tobacco's potential harm while
manipulating their product's addictive properties and marketing to
Since the liberalization of marijuana laws in Colorado, more people
use marijuana than ever before, and many have or will become addicted.
Use of healthcare resources for marijuana-associated illnesses has
also increased here.
[continues 105 words]
To the editor: The three letters you published in "California moves into
its marijuana future on Jan. 1. Some readers are not eager to make the
leap" stated the following concerns about marijuana use, most of which
apply equally to alcohol.
Law enforcement does not have adequate test criteria for driving under
the influence. While there is no blood-alcohol test for pot, police have
many other field sobriety tests, including "walking the line," reciting
the alphabet backward and the "eye and penlight test." A driver may pass
the 0.08% blood alcohol content test and still be arrested for DUI if he
or she drives erratically or exhibits slurred speech or other cognitive
[continues 55 words]
To the editor: For far too long, our poor, working class and communities
of color have been suffering due to unjust criminal persecution for
minor offenses like possession of marijuana.
The time for criminal justice reform is long overdue. We ought to divert
money from prisons into education and drug recovery programs.
What happened in Portugal after it decriminalized drugs compared with
the U.S. when Presidents Nixon, Reagan and Clinton fought their war on
drugs is incredibly telling. We need to change our way of thinking and
get back to helping our communities, our brothers and sisters, succeed
and thrive in this country.
Melissa Veenhuizen, Long Beach
"Groove on! Groove on!" blared from speakers outside a gray warehouse
in Santa Ana. Inside, a line of 60 people snaked through the shop,
waiting to be helped by a budtender.
"We were bombarded!" said Robert Taft Jr., founder of the marijuana
dispensary 420 Central.
When the shop opened at 7 a.m. Monday -- Day 1 of legal recreational
pot sales in California -- a handful of people had already lined up.
Within two hours, more than 100 customers, some still nursing holiday
hangovers, had made purchases. As they walked out, Taft shouted,
"Enjoy your new freedom!"
[continues 1117 words]
The state has issued 104 licenses for retail stores to sell marijuana
for recreational use in California and 239 other applications for
those permits are pending, officials said Tuesday.
An official with the state Bureau of Cannabis Control added that the
agency is prepared to begin taking enforcement action against pot
shops that are not properly licensed.
"The bureau's enforcement team is ready to respond to any complaints
it receives and start doing compliance checks and site visits at any
time," said Alex Traverso, a spokesman for the bureau.
[continues 139 words]
The five medical marijuana companies in New York have filed a lawsuit
to block new cannabis businesses, claiming the growth threatens to
kill the fledgling industry that has struggled to sell the drug to
critically ill patients.
The lawsuit seeks to stop the state Department of Health from allowing
five new companies to grow and sell medical marijuana in New York. The
companies in the legal fight include Vireo Health and Etain, which are
selling cannabis-based drugs at dispensaries in downtown White Plains
and Yonkers, The Journal News/lohud has learned from court records.
There is also a dispensary in Kingston, Ulster County.
[continues 913 words]
Atty. Gen. Jeff Sessions ended an Obama-era federal policy that
provided legal shelter for marijuana sales in California and five
other states that have allowed recreational pot, placing at risk
thousands of marijuana businesses operating legally under state laws.
The Justice Department move on Thursday plunged California's fledgling
recreational pot market into further uncertainty, and was met with a
bipartisan backlash from lawmakers in states where marijuana is now
sold legally to any adult who wants to buy it.
[continues 1867 words]
EDITOR'S NOTE: This is the first in a series of stories focusing on
people in Nova Scotia who will be delving into the marijuana industry.
Legalization of marijuana was a long time coming, but Carl Morgan
believes the future is bright for selling the product in Nova Scotia.
Morgan is currently the owner of two medical marijuana dispensaries -
Scotia Green Inc. on East River Road in New Glasgow and one on Spring
Garden Road in Halifax.
While they've had some uphill battles, he believes the business will
continue to grow into the New Year despite the fact the province has
made the decision that recreational marijuana will be sold at Nova
Scotia Liquor Corporation outlets. Morgan believes there will be some
key differences that separate recreational and medical marijuana
including price and ease of access.
[continues 248 words]
Re: "Looking ahead to 2018," editorial by James Miller (Daily Courier,
Miller's statement that "most Canadians support legalizing pot," where
does he get his information on this presumption?
I believe it's completely opposite to Miller's so-called facts. Most
Canadians do not support Prime Minister Trudeau's pot plan for Canada.
We will become potheads all because of just a few potheads from the
big cities like Vancouver and back east.
I would guess that 80 per cent of Canadians are against it, or maybe
as high as 90 per cent. So 10 or 20 per cent doesn't sound to me as
[continues 149 words]
Re: "Nothing to fear from legal pot," Letter, Jan. 3.
Comparing pot's effects to alcohol is apples and oranges. The effects
of alcohol leave the body when the alcohol is gone (or soon after).
The effects of pot most assuredly do not.
Consider this the next time you're returning from vacation on a
late-night flight: The air traffic controller has returned from days
off, during which time he can use weed as he wishes. It's a quiet
night, and he sits back, all mellow and relaxed, then starts issuing
instructions to the wrong aircraft.
This is but one possibility. Think about jobs such as an oil worker on
the floor of a drilling rig, or a highrise construction worker - or
your surgeon poised over your brain with a scalpel.
Jack Falk, Calgary
Re: "Sleeping driver found with drugs," Dec. 28.
This may well be an indication of what we can expect when marijuana
becomes legal next summer, and it should trouble everyone, especially
the police. Since pot was legalized in Colorado and Washington states,
the number of road deaths have doubled.
In Canada, there still is no simple roadside test for impairment by
marijuana consumption, as Trudeau placed the cart before the horse by
legalizing pot so quickly.
Unlike alcohol, which is excreted from the system in about 12 hours,
the THC in marijuana that causes someone to get stoned remains in the
system for many, many days. This means someone may ended up driving
impaired without having smoked marijuana recently, or having smoked a
No wonder the chiefs of police have said they simply are not ready for
Re: Op-ed by marijuana industry investor Dan Kriznic.
It appears Kriznic has been sampling his product. That's the only way
I can account for his over-the-top description of what's going on in
the money grubbing battle for pot dollars.
I get it that this move is in the cards since people refuse to just
quit. But to describe the Canadian marijuana model as showing the
world "something noble and dignified, a structure that will draw
people from around the world seeking education and enlightenment"
makes marijuana's legalization sound like the discovery of penicillin.
[continues 89 words]
Marijuana dispensary firms' efforts to launch dozens of franchises and
shops in Calgary has ignited concerns of a chaotic scramble ahead of
the drug's recreational legalization.
Calgary-based Spiritleaf has attracted 40 entrepreneurs willing to put
up a $25,000 franchise fee to operate a cannabis retailing store under
the company's name, said CEO Darren Bondar.
"We're well-positioned to be ahead of the game and being an iconic
brand based in Alberta," said Bondar, who has exhibited at marijuana
industry expos in the city.
[continues 512 words]
Re Majority Of Canadians Are Against Legalizing Pot By July 1, Poll
Finds (Jan. 3): Since Prime Minister Justin Trudeau first floated his
plan to legalize marijuana, the narrative has always been that by
cutting out the black market, this would protect children who are at
Having been a police officer for close to 40 years, this is a leap
into fantasy land. Black market pot sales have continued in the states
of Colorado and Washington after marijuanalegalization, and they will
do so here.
[continues 82 words]
Restrictions on smoking in Saskatoon should include marijuana once
legalization takes effect, and the province needs to release its plan
as soon as possible, a new city report says.
The report, which proposes possible areas that need to be addressed
once the Saskatchewan Party provincial government releases its
strategy, is on the agenda for a city council committee meeting on
"It is essential that the province's plan for cannabis be released as
soon as possible to ensure that any local regulations that city
council may wish to pursue are appropriate and relevant under the
provincial regime that will be put in place," the report says.
[continues 375 words]
EDITOR'S NOTE: This is the third in a series of stories focusing on
people in Nova Scotia who will be delving into the marijuana industry.
Up an Antigonish County woods road, Frank MacMaster's surroundings
But the camp where he's spending the winter was warm, courtesy of a
fire going in the wood stove, and there was a microwave with which to
make a visitor tea.
Most importantly, there was a dream that appears about to bear
[continues 726 words]
Governments raise a lot of revenue by taxing alcohol and tobacco. Now
they are turning their sights on cannabis. A lot of young people think
that using marijuana is a good thing. But, like any drug, cannabis can
lead to addiction and ruin a person's life, all because our greedy
government wants the tax money.
Predictions and Top 10 lists are popular topics this time of year, but
never mind the other nine - let's talk dope and hypocrisy.
After half a century of pointless law enforcement and the demonstrably
insane "war on drugs," which Canada mindlessly followed the U.S.A.
into, 2018 will prove to be a historic year - come July, if the
federal Liberals follow through on their promise to legalize
marijuana, the hippies and stoners will be proven right, and the
politicians, police chiefs and conservative pundits will be proven
[continues 574 words]
Nelson council will hold a public hearing on Monday about its
intention to disallow recreational cannabis businesses at least until
July. It plans to do this through change to its zoning bylaw.
Council decided in December that it wants this moratorium because it
does not want anyone opening up a recreational cannabis business in
Nelson before federal and provincial rules are made known in the
summer, and before council has carried out a public consultation
process that will start this month.
[continues 334 words]
Legal sale of recreational marijuana began in California on Monday
with fanfare, and some anxiety.
Companies began selling pot in a relatively small number of businesses
Monday, with more expected to join in the coming days and weeks.
The state has issued dozens of permits for retailers to begin
recreational sales this week, expanding a market that is expected to
grow to $7 billion annually by 2020. Several of those retailers are in
West Hollywood, but they won't open until Tuesday at the city's
request. That makes Santa Ana's licensed stores the closest option for
Angelenos who want to buy recreational marijuana on New Year's Day.
Buyers could also trek to San Diego or the Palm Springs area to
[continues 1015 words]
Legal weed will have to compete with black market, Bill Blair
OTTAWA- Justin Trudeau's marijuana czar is warning that policy-makers
may need to adjust taxes to prevent prices from falling too low after
legalization. Canadian marijuana companies - which have surged in
value - will achieve economies of scale that will help drive down
production costs, according to Bill Blair, the lawmaker and former
Toronto police chief leading the legalization effort.
Prices and taxation levels will then need to be monitored to keep them
competitive enough to achieve the government's goal of starving out
the illegal market, without pricing things too low and encouraging
excess use, Blair said in an interview last month.
[continues 347 words]