Questions raised about decision to allow municipal authority over
PREMIER Brian Pallister's government went stone cold silent on legal
retail cannabis Thursday while federal officials considered their
reaction to Manitoba's plan of allowing municipal councils to have the
final say on local sales.
The federal government will brief reporters in Ottawa today on its
plans to legalize and regulate recreational cannabis.
But the Pallister government did not make the premier or any cabinet
ministers available to the media Thursday and a communications staffer
intervened when a reporter tried to ask Justice Minister Heather
Stefanson about any possible reaction from Ottawa.
[continues 650 words]
PREMIER Brian Pallister has always been coy about whether he has ever
enjoyed the pleasures of cannabis. "I prefer beer," has become his
standard retort when asked if he's ever taken a toke.
Regardless of whether the premier smoked, inhaled or appreciated the
mystic qualities of marijuana, you can bet he will learn to love the
tax revenue that will flow from a legalized marketplace.
Manitoba's plan for the legalized wholesale and retail sales of
cannabis is pretty thin. Pallister has only confirmed a plan to have
Manitoba Liquor and Lotteries act as a wholesale distributor, with
retail sales going to the private sector.
[continues 1006 words]
MGEU off-base when it comes to private pot stores
Manitoba's largest union is accusing the Pallister government of
compromising the safety of Manitobans and foregoing millions in
profits by allowing private retailers to sell marijuana once it
becomes legal next year.
But as usual, the union provides some of the dumbest arguments
possible to try to support its case.
The province announced Tuesday that legal weed would be regulated by
Liquor and Gaming Authority but would be sold through private retail
outlets. It would be much like how beer, wine and other liquor
products are sold through vendors, private wine stores and private
liquor outlets in rural Manitoba. The outlets are private but the
products must be purchased through Manitoba Liquor and Lotteries Corp.
[continues 539 words]
Legal pot sales could lead to $95M annual profits for province
Legal pot sales in Manitoba could raise as much as $95 million a year
for government after five years if the province could take over 80% of
the black market, according to recent figures released by the
The sales projections, which contemplate various levels of black
market penetration, are based on selling marijuana products through
stand-alone government stores. However, since the Pallister government
has opted for private retail stores instead, updated projections could
be higher or lower.
[continues 217 words]
WINNIPEG - Manitoba Premier Brian Pallister signalled Monday that the
province's private sector will be involved in the distribution of
marijuana when recreational use is legalized next July.
Pallister said details of the provincial plan to govern cannabis would
be released Tuesday. He rejected earlier statements from the Manitoba
Government and General Employees' Union that sales should be done
exclusively through government-run stores.
Pallister said there will be some sort of a "hybrid option" -
public-sector regulation and distribution combined with private-sector
delivery - that could take business away from the existing black market.
[continues 305 words]
If Colorado is any indication, provincial coffers will be filled
Premier Brian Pallister may not be holding out much hope that the
province will cash in on a windfall of taxation revenue from the
legalization of marijuana.
But if skyrocketing sales of commercially-available weed in the state
of Colorado - which legalized pot in 2012 - are any indication, the
government of Manitoba could be in for a sizeable revenue stream once
the industry shifts into high gear.
Pallister announced Tuesday that recreational marijuana, which becomes
legal on July 1, 2018 under federal legislation, will be regulated by
the provincial Liquor and Gaming Authority but sold through private
retail outlets. The province issued a request for proposals Tuesday to
solicit bids from private retailers.
[continues 593 words]
There's plenty of interest in selling legal pot in Manitoba. The
province notes an expression of interest on the subject attracted more
than 60 responses.
Premier Brian Pallister said that bodes well for his government's goal
to ensure official marijuana stores are accessible enough to undermine
the black market.
Pallister said the province aims to ensure access to marijuana sales
within a 30-minute drive for 90% of Manitobans to meet that goal.
"We wish to see broad coverage, broad availability," he
[continues 204 words]
Province planning public-private hybrid plan
A local advocate believes "Manitoba has an opportunity to be a
country-wide leader" in marijuana legalization after the province
announced plans to exclusively sell marijuana through private retailers.
"Get ready for the green rush," said Steven Stairs, Winnipeg's most
outspoken cannabis proponent and community organizer.
On Tuesday, the Manitoba government revealed details of its hybrid
public-private response to the federal government's impending
legalization of recreational cannabis on July 1, 2018. It's a
significant departure from the public-sector biased approach of at
least one other province.
[continues 393 words]
MANITOBA has become the first province to allow the private sector to
play a central role in the future retail sales of recreational
cannabis in Canada.
The federal Cannabis Act, which is not yet law, would make the federal
government responsible for regulating the production of recreational
cannabis. Designing a system for distribution and sales will be up to
provinces and territories. The Manitoba government's plan, which will
let private retailers operate cannabis stores in conjunction with a
government-owned regulation, distribution and supply regime, is a far
cry from the all-public plans already revealed by some other provinces.
[continues 299 words]
MANITOBANS are learning it will be their mayor and local council who
will decide if legal retail cannabis can be sold in their communities
Notwithstanding Prime Minister Justin Trudeau's promise to legalize
pot nationally by July 1, and Premier Brian Pallister's months of
accusing Ottawa of moving too fast, it turns out it will be a local
Municipal councils found out Tuesday, and Pallister's office confirmed
Wednesday, that the province is giving them the same local power over
pot as they have over Sunday shopping.
[continues 927 words]
MANITOBA Premier Brian Pallister says he wants "the best of both
worlds" by including both private and public sectors in the handling
of legalized marijuana.
Nevertheless, he was talking up the attractions of the private sector
a lot more than the public Monday.
The premier will release details of the government's request for
proposals today. However, he repeated warnings Monday that gangs will
not simply go away when cannabis becomes legal in Canada on July 1.
The illegal gangs want to keep supplying the product that's been
making them a lot of money, Pallister told reporters. "They know how
to adapt. The competition isn't going to go away."
[continues 334 words]
Province says top concern must be health, safety
KEEPING cannabis out of the hands of minors will be of paramount
concern when the Pallister government announces how the drug will be
legally sold in Manitoba, Justice Minister Heather Stefanson says.
Speaking Friday to the annual general meeting of the Manitoba
Progressive Conservative party in Winnipeg, Stefanson blasted the
federal government for rushing cannabis legalization and failing to
estimate its associated costs, many of which are expected to fall to
[continues 520 words]
MANITOBA Liquor and Lotteries (MLL) wants to handle all angles of
legal pot in Manitoba - everything including production, distribution
The Crown corporation said Friday that it submitted an expression of
interest to the government of Premier Brian Pallister in September.
Pallister will issue a request for proposals Tuesday, setting out for
anyone interested in getting a piece of the action in the legal pot
business, where the government wants to go when cannabis becomes legal
MLL declined Friday to elaborate or provide any further
[continues 240 words]
Premier urges ministers, civil service to declare any potential issues
with business side of marijuana sales
MANITOBA - Premier Brian Pallister has ordered cabinet ministers,
their legislative assistants and senior civil servants to declare any
possible conflicts of interest they may have with legalized marijuana,
as he prepares to ramp up its implementation July 1.
Pallister told reporters Wednesday he'll issue a request for proposals
next Tuesday for anyone interested in being involved in the
production, storage, and sale of legalized marijuana.
[continues 363 words]
ANY Canadians can hardly wait for the day recreational use of
marijuana becomes legal. As a medical doctor, I'm far less
enthusiastic. I worry about two things: the experimental nature of
marijuana in medical practice, and the public health consequences of
Before you write me off as overly prudish or an anti-marijuana
conservative, let me say I'm not opposed to legalized marijuana in
principle - I'm just paying attention to the evidence, or rather, the
lack of it. My concern is that as marijuana becomes more easily
available, Canadians may become more inclined to self-medicate with
what's been called a "miracle drug."
[continues 619 words]
Tells colleagues to disclose any ties to marijuana industry
Manitoba's premier is calling on his cabinet colleagues to declare any
potential conflicts of interest related to the marijuana industry.
Premier Brian Pallister said his government will release details of a
request for proposals next Tuesday that relates to the sale of
recreational marijuana, which the feds will legalize on July 1, 2018.
Pallister said it's clearly time to ensure all those who could benefit
from the marijuana business don't sway the outcome of that process.
[continues 202 words]
Pallister tells cabinet to come clean on marijuana ties. How rare in
politics - a leader setting a high moral and ethical standard. Premier
Pallister deserves kudos for ensuring none of his cabinet minsters
will gain financially when marijuana is legalized. I have not seen any
"progressive" government leaders, including the Trudeau Liberals,
setting this same high standard.
Pot legalization is certainly open to financial gain by those with the
inside information. Premier Pallister is also one of the few provincial
leaders wanting the feds to slow down the legalization date. Trudeau
came up with this risky plan for votes and new revenues, but it will be
the premiers who will be saddled with the many negative unintended
(Sad he felt he had to. It should go without saying.)
'That doesn't mean I like it,' Pallister says
PREMIER Brian Pallister said Manitoba is "ahead of most other
provinces" when it comes to preparing for federal legalization of
cannabis by July 1.
"That doesn't mean I like it,"he added at a press conference Tuesday
afternoon. "I'm going to continue to express my concerns about the
rapidity of this change; this is a significant change."
The provincial government will unveil its approach to cannabis
legalization "over the course of the next few weeks," Manitoba Justice
Minister Heather Stefanson said.
[continues 371 words]
Fentanyl traffickers are murderers, plain and simple
On a warm Sunday, October afternoon, the kind of fall day when it
seems anything is possible, I went to a funeral.
I knew the dead man by proxy. I never met him.
One of those things a dutiful partner does because it's the right
thing to do. He was dead at 36. Fentanyl. Another casualty of the
opioid epidemic ravaging cities and towns alike.
Last summer a hometown buddy told me his daughter's friend, 14 at the
time and with her whole life in front of her, was having a
limited-time engagement at a local funeral parlour.
[continues 439 words]
Real estate agents are worried about damage to home interiors with the
proliferation of legal medical marijuana grow-ops in residences, even
before marijuana is legalized in Canada.
Peter Squire, vice-president of the Winnipeg Realtors Association,
said members of the Canadian Real Estate Association were in Ottawa
last week to meet with federal MPs.
One of the chief topics discussed was Bill C-45, the law to make
cannabis legal across Canada in July.
"(The association) does have several concerns about the implications
and consequences of personal cultivation for homes and homeowners," he
said, noting damage from mould is a major issue.
[continues 472 words]
For a government that promised to legislate using evidence-based
science, the rapid approach of legalized marijuana in Canada is
starting to look like a case study in blind faith.
Last week, federal justice officials issued the next round of details
in their impending pot law.
In addition to existing impaired-by-drug laws that police are already
using to prosecute drugged drivers, three new criminal offences are
destined to be born to deal with pot-impaired driving all based on the
quantity of THC found in a person's body.
[continues 388 words]
There are concerns that once pot is legalized for recreational use,
it'll be flying off the shelves at such a rate that those who
justifiably need it for pain - medical users - won't be able to get
Cannabis growers have been expanding their operations as fast as
possible, and Health Canada is issuing more licences, but it still
might not be enough to meet the coming demand.
Some analysts expect a countrywide shortage once the cannabis market
goes legit in July 2018.
[continues 311 words]
ACCORDING to the Canadian Institute for Health Information, the rate
of opioid poisoning hospitalizations has been steadily on the rise,
with approximately 13 Canadians a day hospitalized for an opioid
overdose in 2014-15. What began with the over-prescription of opioids
such as OxyContin, a painkiller previously thought to have a low
potential for addiction, led first to the diversion of legal drugs to
the illegal market, and later to the dramatic expansion of the illegal
production of fentanyl.
As the horror stories of addiction and death have multiplied, it is
now clear that what was once a medical issue is now a population
[continues 673 words]
Re: Plan to police cannabis-impaired driving full of holes: experts
Can we stop the parade of nonsense about the dangers of the
legalization of marijuana? People have been smoking marijuana for
decades and the idea that there will be a crush of people rushing to
use this drug and drive is unfounded. You cannot stop drug use by
criminalizing it. You simply create victims and drug dealers.
In my opinion, there should be two categories of drugs: recreational -
such as alcohol, tobacco, caffeine, nicotine and marijuana - that we
regulate, and ones that are available by prescription. Prescription
drugs like opioids, and unregulated non-prescription drugs, like
Tylenol, cause more deaths than all the recreational drugs combined.
We know recreational drugs like alcohol and nicotine cause problems
for some; making them legal won't change that, but it will create
fewer victims and casualties than drug wars.
Schools have been called upon to teach more than the Three Rs for many
decades now, but they should add one more assignment to their long
list of lessons: Warning students about drug use, especially deadly
There'll be some who'll say such a message will fall on deaf ears, but
we have a duty to try. Today's young people deserve credit for their
sensible approach to hazards such as cigarette smoking and impaired
driving - they certainly exhibit more common sense than many of their
[continues 306 words]
Increases in opioid overdoses send a clear message. Our prime minister
needs to see it. The message is that more people are turning to drugs,
not away from them. A culture of using less drugs, prescription or
illegal, needs to be encouraged. Legalizing marijuana sends exactly
the wrong message. People need to learn to deal with life's stresses
without crutches. Justin Trudeau is supporting drug use, not
condemning it. And that is the wrong message.
(For his government, that horse has already left the barn.)
AS recreational cannabis becomes legal nationally on July 1, Canadians
are faced with tremendous opportunity and risk. Our country is
essentially rolling back a long-existing illegal trade to facilitate a
legal, regulated market. The purpose, as the federal Liberal platform
says, is: "to ensure that we keep marijuana out of the hands of
children and the profits out of the hands of criminals, we will
legalize, regulate and restrict access to marijuana."
With much yet to be figured out, the following focuses on the issue of
how to implement retail distribution, which rests with each province.
[continues 709 words]
THE federal government is set on legalizing marijuana by summer 2018.
While the Liberals will enjoy the political payoff of appearing
progressive, all the problems and the logistics of legalizing pot will
fall on the shoulders of the provincial governments.
There are strong correlations between how a drug or an indulgence,
such as gambling, is made available to the public and the propensity
for individuals to indulge in it, and the negative health and social
outcomes associated with its use.
In other words, it matters how we legalize marijuana, not just that we
[continues 646 words]
MANITOBA - Public Insurance announced a new public education campaign
against drug-impaired driving on Thursday, with a focus on cannabis
ahead of the expected legalization of that substance next year.
The campaign, launched in co-operation with Mothers Against Drunk
Driving Canada, will include messaging focused on new teen drivers,
youth in general, the medical community and the general public, with
taglines such as "Think you're a better driver when you're high? Think
MPI chief administrative officer Ward Keith said the campaign was
developed in response to "a number of things that are lining up to
give us real concerns about the risk of cannabis-impaired driving"
[continues 397 words]
THE reaction to last Friday's announcement of the Ontario government's
plan for sales and regulation of legalized cannabis was, at best, mixed.
The document, promoted as "a safe and sensible approach to the retail
of recreational cannabis," didn't seem to make all that many people
At the plan's unveiling in Toronto, Ontario Finance Minister Charles
Sousa said marijuana sales will be limited to a monopoly of cannabis
stores under the control of the Liquor Control Board of Ontario
(LCBO), with 40 free-standing locations slated to open in time for the
July 1 pot legalization date and a total of 150 to be established by
[continues 476 words]
THE government of Manitoba wants Ottawa to provide "further clarity"
on how it will support provinces in implementing Bill C45, the
In a Tuesday news release, Manitoba Justice Minister Heather Stefanson
described cannabis legalization as "a significant shift in public
policy with many challenges for the provinces and territories to address."
Road safety is an area of particular concern, said Stefanson, who
expects that topic to be front and centre when justice ministers from
the federal, provincial and territorial governments meet in Vancouver
from today to Friday.
[continues 272 words]
Government union says public sales model best bet for health and
CANADA'S most populous province has announced a plan to sell legal
marijuana through a publicly owned system, which is music to the ears
of the Manitoba Government and General Employees' Union.
MGEU president Michelle Gawronsky said she hopes Ontario's plan to
sell cannabis separately from alcohol in publicly owned, stand-alone
stores will set an example for Manitoba. A public sales model operated
by Manitoba Liquor and Lotteries Corporation would be the best
possible option from a public health and safety perspective, she argued.
[continues 1189 words]
IF Canada's experience with legal recreational marijuana parallels
what is taking place in U.S. states, we have much to anticipate in
terms of entrepreneurial ferment, job creation, wealth expansion and
boosted tax receipts.
Legal recreational marijuana has been law in Colorado for three and a
half years, and a little more than three years in Washington. Oregon
staggered its rollout of recreational marijuana between 2015 and last
year, Alaska and Nevada's programs are up and running and soon to
follow are Massachusetts, Maine and the cannabis behemoth known as
[continues 638 words]
Residents have serious concerns about people driving after using
Half of Manitoba adults believe driving while high is the same as or
worse than driving drunk, according to a new Probe Research poll.
The poll, commissioned for CTV News, shows 34% of Manitobans over 18
years of age agree driving under the influence of alcohol is worse
than driving while under the influence of marijuana. Another 16% said
they were unsure, leaving a full 50% of Manitobans who believe driving
after smoking is worse than driving after drinking.
[continues 393 words]
Manitobans OK with toking neighbours: survey
MOST Manitobans are unfazed by the thought of a pot-smoking neighbour,
but are less comfortable with the prospect of drivers under the
influence of cannabis - or the idea of selling edible marijuana
products in bars, according to a Probe Research poll commissioned by
Sixty-seven per cent of respondents said they wouldn't be bothered to
learn their neighbour "was a regular marijuana user as opposed to a
regular alcohol drinker," an attitude that was consistent across all
[continues 345 words]
Province announces Overdose Awareness Day at rally at Legislature
Moms Stop The Harm hosted their second annual gathering to honour
loved ones lost to addiction and overdose on Thursday at the Manitoba
The Manitoba government announced at the event that August 31 would be
International Overdose Awareness Day.
The news for grieving parents like Carol Ward, who lost her daughter
Lisa Erickson to overdose in April, is seen as a step in the right
direction. But Ward believes more needs to be done.
[continues 239 words]
Re: Winnipeg in grips of meth problem, say police (Aug. 27)
Winnipeg police spokesman Const. Jay Murray is wrong when he says "the
majority of property crime in the city is related to the
methamphetamine subculture." Drug prohibition is responsible, just as
it was when cocaine was the drug de jour in the past.
The drug problem boils down to some people want to use those drugs and
other people don't want them to.
The short of it is that it is none of your business what drugs the
next door neighbours are using since none of that use harms you.
Repeal drug prohibition and the majority of property crime would end
since these drugs that people want could be obtained for cheap and of
a known purity at the local pharmacy.
A town hall in St. James Tuesday night will try to clear the air for
any Winnipeggers with questions about cannabis legalization in advance
of a legislation review this fall.
Hosted by Charleswood-St. James-Assiniboia-Headingley MP Doug
Eyolfson, the event will feature an in-depth review of Bill C-45-which
would amend the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act, Criminal Code and
other acts-expert testimony from witnesses at the federal health committee.
Eyolfson said he's hosting the town hall to discuss the legislation
and its objectives, but also to hear his constituent's thoughts.
[continues 306 words]
THERE are no plans to open a supervised injection site in Winnipeg, a
spokeswoman for the Winnipeg Regional Health Authority said in the
wake of Toronto opening its first city-run space for people to inject
Supervised injection sites are legal facilities where drug users are
able to use intravenous substances under medical supervision. They
have been a controversial harm-reduction strategy since the first
North American site opened in Vancouver's Downtown Eastside in 2003.
Toronto opened its first official site Monday.
[continues 416 words]
Spike in Winnipeg drug overdoses - including opioids
The number of annual drug overdoses in Winnipeg is on the rise.
Data from the Winnipeg Regional Health Authority (WRHA) show that
emergency crews are responding to more overdoses, with 1,648 patients
arriving with a drug overdose complaint at emergency rooms and urgent
care facilities during the first seven months of this year. There were
2,565 such calls throughout 2016, up from 1,981 in 2014.
And Winnipeg Fire Paramedic Service (WFPS) responded to 1,185
poisoning and overdose calls in 2017 (as of July 31), 1,803 in 2016
and 1,328 in 2014. Both agencies note alcohol is responsible for many
[continues 401 words]
IN his struggles to come up with a regime to control the sale of
recreational marijuana, Premier Brian Pallister may have found a
Shoppers Drug Mart.
Despite a looming July 1, 2018 deadline to have a system in place, the
province has been very reluctant to talk about how it would like to
handle the production, distribution and sales of recreational pot.
Last month, Justice Minister Heather Stefanson issued an expression of
interest to find potential partners and solutions to handle all
aspects of legalized marijuana.
[continues 869 words]
Add this to the reasons why marijuana should be legalized: more than
100 years ago, the cigarette companies had Congress legalize their
products. The only reasons were the farmers who were growing their own
tobacco; the government wanted the taxes and still does.
Their products are still there today; all of them are the No. 1 cause
of lung cancer.
It says this on each package, and they are sold everywhere.
Marijuana is a green plant not loaded with chemicals to keep it
burning, as cigarettes are, and does not cause any kind of cancer. It
also has some medical qualities that are useful and some qualities
that have to be controlled, (but) not as much as alcohol.
Months to "get it right" is not difficult. They should call this "The
Family finds drug paraphernalia tucked away in hotel room
A Winnipeg hotel is changing protocols for housekeeping staff after a
family found a syringe and "rocks" of drugs inside their room last
Nicole Hamm said her husband Neil located drugs and paraphernalia
hidden on a ledge underneath the bathroom sink of their Victoria Inn
Winnipeg hotel room last Saturday. In photos and video posted to
Facebook by Nicole Hamm, a syringe is visible, as are three white
"rocks" of an undetermined substance placed in spoons.
[continues 414 words]
RCMP add fentanyl protective gear
Manitoba's 1,080 front-line RCMP officers are getting an added layer
of protection in the fight against fentanyl and other opioid exposure
in the province.
The Manitoba government is investing nearly $54,000 on new personal
protective equipment, which the RCMP say will be available to each of
their front-line officers by the end of the year.
The new equipment kit, paid for by the criminal property forfeiture
fund, includes respiratory and eye protection.
[continues 378 words]
MANITOBA RCMP officers are being equipped with special masks and
goggles to protect them in the event they're exposed to fentanyl, a
potentially deadly synthetic opiate.
They will also switch to black latex gloves instead of the
standard-issue blue ones to better detect the white powder.
Criminals are footing the bill.
Justice Minister Heather Stefanson announced on Friday that the
provincial government will spend nearly $54,000 from its criminal
property forfeiture fund to equip more than 1,000 front-line Mounties
with the new gear. Also included will be specialized drums to store
[continues 329 words]
Initially slated to address the national opioid crisis, the majority
of questions addressed during Friday's roundtable discussion centred
on the legalization of recreational marijuana.
Brandon-Souris Conservative MP Larry Maguire and Conservative Party of
Canada health critic Rachael Harder headed the roundtable discussion
at the Trails West Inn, whose question period quickly pushed aside the
opioid crisis, which hasn't impacted Brandon as heavily as it has some
other areas of the nation.
There were 2,458 opioid-related deaths in Canada last year, of which
24 were in Manitoba.
[continues 578 words]
Re: Pot legalization on agenda. Let's first get alcohol and its deadly
effects under control, prior to the legalization of marijuana. I really
question Prime Minister Justin Trudeau's sanity in this area. Why mix
gasoline with dynamite?
(Most Canadians are OK with legalized pot.)
Educational materials put together for Canadians
When Canada legalizes cannabis, Canadian athletes of all
levels-including those vying for or competing in the Canada Games-will
still have to be careful not to contravene anti-doping rules.
Glen Bergeron, who teaches kinesiology and applied health at the
University of Winnipeg, is part of an ad hoc committee with the
Canadian Centre of Ethics and Sport "discussing this issue at the
"The issue is that cannabis is a banned substance on the international
banned substance list," Bergeron said. "We need to be able to educate
these athletes that it may be legal to use, but it's still regarded as
a banned substance."
[continues 299 words]
NDP says government-run Liquor Marts best initial option
THE Liquor and Gaming Authority of Manitoba will likely be the
province's regulator for cannabis, although Justice Minister Heather
Stefanson said "nothing is off the table," 11 months before Canadians
will be able to legally buy it over the counter.
Stefanson spoke with reporters Thursday, shortly after the
Conservative government announced it had issued an expression of
interest to determine how best to deal with the issues stemming from
Ottawa's plan to enact the new law July 1.
[continues 568 words]
Judge 'troubled' but forced to lock up single mother of four children
PLANS to appeal a mandatory minimum sentence as unconstitutional are
on the horizon for a Winnipeg mother who is now behind bars despite
the judge's declaration that justice would not be served by locking
Sandra Dignard, 37, was taken into custody Wednesday to start serving
her two-year federal prison sentence for smuggling drugs into Stony
Mountain prison five years ago. She tearfully said goodbye to her
young son and pleaded with other relatives to take good care of all
four of her children before sheriff's officers led her away, out of
view of her family.
[continues 833 words]