OTTAWA - The federal government's crackdown on drug-impaired driving
has taken a big step forward, as the Justice Department is set to give
its blessing to Canada's first roadside saliva test.
Once in use, police officers will be able to swab a driver's mouth to
test for the presence of THC, the main psychoactive ingredient in cannabis.
Roadside saliva-testing devices were authorized by Bill C-46, a
massive overhaul of Canadaas impaired driving laws that passed in
[continues 705 words]
CHESTERVILLE, Ontario - Inside garage-sized containers at one end of a
cavernous warehouse in a former Nestle factory south of Ottawa are
rows of marijuana plants stacked atop each other, basking in the
unearthly glow of grow lights.
They belong to Hamed Asi, an Ontario businessman who calls them his
"vertical farm." He has no background in growing marijuana, or in any
kind of agriculture. His other line of business is installing office
furniture; cubicles, filing cabinets and desk chairs fill the opposite
end of the warehouse.
[continues 1065 words]
The legalization of marijuana for general consumption is a
devastating, immoral attack by the Trudeau government against the best
interests of all of Canada's vulnerable and marginalized citizens,
especially our young people, who are ill-equipped to handle it (What A
Long Strange Trip It Will Been, editorial, June 21).
Surviving in modern society demands vigilance, sobriety, discipline
and competence on all fronts. Marijuana use discourages these
necessary virtues. There should have been a national referendum before
this profound decision was made. There are no adults in charge any
Peter Best, Sudbury, Ont.
VICTORIA - On the day Canadians can legally buy and use recreational
marijuana, the clock will start ticking for cannabis dispensaries
already open across the country, say politicians and pot industry insiders.
On Oct. 17, provincial licensing, monitoring and approval regulations
on legal marijuana retail standards will become law and the cannabis
business will get real for marijuana shops currently operating outside
"These are the same people who cried for legalization," said Vancouver
Coun. Kerry Jang. "Now they've got it, and they have to play by the
[continues 659 words]
Seldom a day goes by when financial pages don't highlight new
developments in the marijuana industry.
So, this is who we are today. Former B.C. Health Minister Terry Lake
is now on the corporate board of a major marijuana company. Former
Toronto police chief and current MP Bill Blair is a point man on
marijuana legalization. Former B.C. Solicitor General and West
Vancouver Police Chief Kash Heed is a consultant for marijuana
companies. The list of government and policing honchos who have jumped
on the bandwagon is substantial.
[continues 757 words]
They might be reluctantly legalizing cannabis. But they'll never stop
thinking they know better than us how we should live
The Canadian government announced this week that marijuana would be
legal for recreational in just under four months, by Oct. 17, 2018.
The intervening time will be used to get legal distribution networks
established and give provinces and police forces time to prepare for
And, the government probably hopes, for Canadians to decide they're
not so into this marijuana stuff, after all.
[continues 377 words]
OTTAWA - Public Safety Minister Ralph Goodale says the government will
look at ways to make things fair for those who have criminal records
for marijuana possession after legalization comes into force.
Goodale says the question of pardoning individuals with criminal
records for possessing marijuana is legitimate and one the government
will pursue once the law takes effect. article continues below
Trending Stories Death of Comox Valley teen traced to toxic shock
syndrome Metal table smashed on head of officer confronting intruder
More people in capital travelling by bus, bike and on foot School
board backs $73M option to save Vic High exterior
[continues 236 words]
CALGARY - A report presented to city council on Monday recommends
allowing marijuana consumption in designated spaces at festivals and
The report, which council had yet to address as of press time, says
making an exception will help to move second-hand smoke away from
people who don't want to partake, while responding to "the current
realities of cannabis consumption at festivals and events.
Earlier in June, when council floated the possibility of modifying
bylaws to allow space for event attendees to smoke marijuana, Calgary
Folk Music Festival executive director Sara Leishman raised concerns
about the additional expense that events would have to take on "with
no opportunity to recoup costs through sales of sponsorship."
[continues 108 words]
VICTORIA - The economic cost of substance use in Canada in 2014 was
$38.4 billion, or about $1,100 for every Canadian, says a report
The Canadian Centre on Substance Use and Addiction partnered with the
Canadian Institute for Substance Use Research to examine the data and
estimate the harms of substance use based on health, justice, lost
productivity and other costs. article continues below Trending Stories
Death of Comox Valley teen traced to toxic shock syndrome Metal table
smashed on head of officer confronting intruder More people in capital
travelling by bus, bike and on foot School board backs $73M option to
save Vic High exterior
[continues 258 words]
With the legalization of cannabis only a few months away, one of
Canadaas top medical organizations is warning women about the risks
the drug poses if used during pregnancy and breastfeeding.
According to the Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of
Canada, marijuana use can lead to preterm birth and low birth weight,
as well as lower IQ and hyperactivity after a child is born.
aWe want to make sure women understand just because itas legal
doesnat mean itas safe,a said Jocelynn Cook, chief scientific
officer with the SOGC. aThe science does suggest there are effects
on pregnancy and on fetal development.a
[continues 309 words]
CALGARY - City council approved changes on Monday to allow areas in
Calgary where people can smoke or otherwise consume marijuana in public.
The city's Cannabis Consumption Bylaw prohibits public consumption in
all forms, even after marijuana becomes legal in October. Changes to
the bylaw will allow designated consumption areas both around the city
and at festivals and events.
The city says there are currently no proposed designated cannabis
consumption areas for Calgary's public spaces, but councillors can now
begin identifying potential sites.
[continues 100 words]
MONTREAL - For one of Canada's largest legal cannabis companies, the
vote in Parliament this week to legalize recreational marijuana use
represents a broad opportunity to develop new products, including
marijuana infused drinks.
The hope, said Adam Greenblatt, a manager with the company, Canopy
Growth, "is that in five years time people will be drinking cannabis
drinks at a cocktail party as if drinking a good wine."
Matteo Rossant, 21, a business graduate at Concordia University in
Montreal, also envisions an expansive future, one in which he sells
maple syrup, lollipops and jelly treats made with cannabis.
[continues 1041 words]
OTTAWA - Recreational marijuana use in Canada will be legal in the
coming months after legislation cleared its final hurdle Tuesday
night, marking what officials here say is a "wholesale shift" in how
the country approaches cannabis use.
Canadian officials say other technical steps remain before they can
unveil on what day the legislation, introduced over a year ago, comes
When the legislation kicks in, Canada will be the biggest national
government to legalize cannabis. Drug-policy experts have said they
expect countries in Europe and elsewhere to look to the Canadian
experience for guidance on cannabis legalization.
[continues 394 words]
TORONTO - Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau said Wednesday
marijuana will be legal nationwide on October 17.
Trudeau said in Parliament that the government is committed to better
protecting Canada's youth and hopes to take money away from organized
The Senate gave final passage to Trudeau's bill to legalize cannabis
on Tuesday. The country will become the second in the world to make
pot legal nationwide.
"The legislation is transformative," said Justice Minister Jody
Wilson-Raybould, adding it "marks a wholesale shift in how our country
approaches cannabis, leaving behind a failed model of
[continues 403 words]
The costs and benefits of cannabis and cannabis policies are difficult
to calculate, but cannabis legalization will remove many impediments
A recent study finding an association between chronic cannabis use by
young people and diminished life outcomes acknowledged "while we
controlled for multiple potential confounds, it is possible that there
are other explanatory mechanisms that have not been accounted for ...
in the current study."
Oddly, one of the confounds the study neglected to control for is the
self-medication of emotional and psychological problems such as ADHD
and PTSD, which typically stem from childhood trauma: abuse, neglect,
abandonment or, in some cases perhaps, an emotionally unavailable father.
[continues 86 words]
In 2012, Washington State voted to legalize marijuana. By 2014, the
world's first system for legally growing, processing and retailing
cannabis was operating.
As Canada prepares to go live with pot sales in a few months, what can
we learn from four years of practical, hands-on experience in the
western United States?
The first take-away is that all the fretting about the impact on
children and teens is largely unwarranted.
Before legalization, 17 per cent of Grade 10 students in Washington
State said they had smoked pot in the previous month. Four years of
legal doobies later, 17 per cent of Grade 10 students say they have
smoked pot in the previous month.
[continues 663 words]
Manitoba's Justice Minister is calling for federal legislation to
confirm that provinces can ban the home growth of marijuana plants.
"I think that is clear that is provincial jurisdiction to make that
decision. (But) I believe the federal (Justice) Minister made some
comments that were a little concerning, so we wanted clarification on
that," said Justice Minister Heather Stefanson, following a speech to
Manitoba Chambers of Commerce members on cannabis legislation
Thursday. "We've called (for) some clarification from the federal
government. If they could put it specifically in legislation, that
would be best."
[continues 341 words]
People who have post-traumatic stress disorder but do not medicate
with cannabis are far more likely to suffer from severe depression and
have suicidal thoughts than those who use marijuana, new national
Based on cross-country data from Statistics Canada, the observational
study by researchers at the British Columbia Centre for Substance Use
shows that Canadians with PTSD who use medicinal cannabis are 60 per
cent to 65 per cent less likely to have major depressive episodes or
thoughts of suicide compared with those who do not treat their
symptoms with medical marijuana. The study is the first national-scale
indication of the effectiveness of cannabis at mitigating the hallmark
symptoms of PTSD. It was presented on Thursday at the annual
conference of the Canadian Public Health Association in Montreal.
[continues 486 words]
The government's leader in the Senate, Peter Harder, slammed the
committee's removal of the provision
OTTAWA - In a controversial move that may set up another showdown with
the House of Commons, a Senate committee voted on Wednesday night to
remove random alcohol testing from the government's impaired driving
The provision would allow police to demand a breathalyzer test from
any driver regardless of whether police had reasonable grounds to
believe the driver had consumed alcohol. Currently police need that
reasonable suspicion to make the breathalyzer demand, which drivers
are punished for refusing.
[continues 625 words]
TORONTO - An aging construction worker arrived quietly in the
building's basement, took his seat alongside three other men and
struck his lighter below a cooker of synthetic heroin.
A woman, trained to intervene in case of an overdose, placed a mask
over her face as his drug cooked and diluted beneath a jumping flame.
He injected himself, grew still and then told of the loss of his wife
who died alone in her room upstairs - an overdose that came just a few
months before this social service nonprofit opened its doors for
[continues 1757 words]
Open letter sent to federal Justice Minister Jody Wilson-Raybould and
her B.C. counterpart David Eby
Jessika Villano sells a potent array of dried cannabis, oils, salves
and even bud-infused bath bombs at Buddha Barn Medicinal Society - all
grown and processed by small-scale British Columbia producers.
Villano doesn't want that to change when marijuana is legalized later
this year, and she's among the proponents of local craft cannabis who
are pushing the federal and provincial governments to ensure its survival.
[continues 600 words]
Edmonton police will need about $1.4 million in ongoing and one-time
funding to prepare for marijuana legalization this summer, a report to
the police commission states.
Cannabis is set to become legal in Canada this summer and with it
comes higher policing costs, the Edmonton Police Commission heard Thursday.
Police officials outlined a laundry list of new technology and
training needed to enforce legal weed laws. Last month, the city
approved $1.4 million in one-time and ongoing funding to help the
police service deal with the impact of legal weed.
[continues 538 words]
Researchers have long been intrigued by the intoxicating effects of
the world's most popular illicit drug. Here's how pot affects your
body and mind
When neurologist Frances Ames began testing the effects of a single
dose of cannabis sativa on a group of her medical colleagues who were,
on the whole, "articulate and fairly stable people," the onset of
abnormal sensations "was always abrupt and immediate." One was
sustained hilarity. "The whole idea of the experiment," Ames reported
in 1958 in the Journal of Mental Science, "would suddenly seem
enormously amusing." Researchers have long been intrigued by the
intoxicating effects of the world's most popular illicit drug. Here's
everything you need to know about how pot affects your body and mind.
[continues 1328 words]
Some time this summer, marijuana will be legal in Canada. It's
already legal in Washington state and has been for four years.
But Public Safety Minister Mike Farnworth warned this week that
there's a significant problem looming at the border crossing,
because it's still going to be illegal there.
It makes no sense whatsoever, but the U.S. federal government controls
the border crossing, and marijuana is still nominally illegal in the
"People [meaning, cannabis users] are going to naturally assume, on
either side of the border, that they cross back and forth because
it's legal in each jurisdiction,a" told the house. "But the
reality is it will not be legal at that federal border crossing."
[continues 626 words]
It's all about harm reduction and improving community health outcomes
No doubt some Hamiltonians are chuckling to hear city council is
considering banning sugary drinks from city buildings to protect
With good reason.
The proposed ban by the public health department lands at the same
time the city is moving ahead with opening its first safe injection
site for drug addicts.
It's more than a little ironic that the city may be cracking down on
sugar while enabling the use of illegal drugs like heroin and cocaine.
[continues 581 words]
Cannabis sales likely won't prove a financial bonanza.
Those counting on help from cannabis sales to balance the provincial
budget are in for a disappointment.
As far as Statistics Canada can tell, cannabis prices in this country
have been dropping for the past three years, perhaps the past dozen
years. Since weed-market watchers in the United States have found
roughly the same thing, it's probably true.
Canada's provincial treasurers, along with private investors in the
cannabis trade, may still be able to turn a profit, but the bonanza
that used to beckon has probably evaporated already.
[continues 618 words]
OTTAWA - A Senate committee says Ottawa should put off legalizing
marijuana for a year until Canada and First Nations can negotiate tax
sharing, produce culturally appropriate education materials and ensure
First Nations are able to regulate for themselves whether they want
pot to be legal in their communities or not.
The Senate Aboriginal Peoples committee released a report Tuesday
after studying the impact the government's legalizing pot bill could
have on Indigenous communities.
While Ottawa plans to make pot legal sometime this summer, the
committee says Indigenous
[continues 320 words]
We are already seeing construction workers smoking during their
breaks, one industry rep said at a gathering
Contractors, building owners and construction company owners say they
are worried about the repercussions of the imminent legalization of
cannabis and think there is still a lot of work that needs to be done.
The Corporation des proprietaires immobiliers du Quebec, the
Association des professionnels de la construction et de l'habitation
(APCHQ) and the province's two largest construction unions - the
FTQ-Construction and the Conseil Provincial - debated on Monday the
impact of the anticipated legalization during a summit of Quebec's
construction industry that took place in Montreal.
[continues 85 words]
Canada's real estate industry organization is calling for a
moratorium on growing recreational marijuana at home until the
government sets out nationwide regulations for the practice.
Ottawa's proposed marijuana legalization regulations allow Canadians
to grow up to four marijuana plants at their residences. Medical users
are already allowed to grow at home after a federal court ruled in
2016 that the government cannot ban patients from growing their own
However, the Canadian Real Estate Association said the ban it is
requesting applies to home cultivation for recreational users when
marijuana legalized later this year.
[continues 636 words]
The Senate seems determined to slow the Liberal government's timeline
for marijuana legalization and Justin Trudeau seems just as determined
to deliver his legalization on time - give or take a few weeks.
The prime minister will get his way, but that doesn't mean the Senate,
and Indigenous leaders, are not flagging some important issues.
Opposition Conservatives would like nothing more than to push the
rollout of legal recreational pot into an election year, the better to
take political advantage of the inevitable stumbles that will come
with such a momentous move.
[continues 649 words]
OTTAWA - Prime Minister Justin Trudeau isn't backing down from his
government's much-maligned timeline for legalizing marijuana, despite
a growing chorus of calls from senators, Indigenous leaders and others
to delay the plan for up to a year.
Trudeau says the plan to make recreational pot legal by this summer
will go ahead without delay.
"We're going to continue to move forward. We're going to bring in
legalization as we've committed to this summer on schedule," Trudeau
[continues 504 words]
Canada is squandering first-mover advantage with cannabis, the most
significant consumer product launch in history, at a time when our
economy is starving for growth.
How do you choke on $60 billion-plus of growth opportunity and
hundreds of thousands of purposeful jobs? You roll it into the hands
of the federal government, and they then shotgun it out to ten
provinces, three territories and all the bureaucrats and bulls* that
comes with this plan. There is no efficiency or scale.
[continues 355 words]
"You can't help dead people - that's the point of injection
There you go again, being a "bleeding heart." A recent letter writer
is correct. Injection sites are encouraging and abetting druggies in
their bad habits. There is no point to safe-injection sites.
And if they die, as they surely will if they don't kick their habit,
why should I give a hoot?
They chose to live on the edge as they do. Suffer the consequences!
They know better, and yet refuse to accept the inevitable. Stop or
And you should stop trying to be the social conscience of your
(Look, we're not fond of illegal drug use. But caring about what
happens to our fellow citizens - especially the weakest - is important
in a civilized society.)
Doug Ford says he is "dead against" supervised injection sites and
believes the focus should be on drug rehabilitation instead.
And if elected premier of Ontario in June, the Progressive
Conservative Leader says he will do everything he can to fight the
opioid crisis and get people who are struggling with addiction the
help they need.
"If your son, daughter, loved one ever had an addiction, would you
want them to go in a little area and do more drugs? I am dead against
that," Mr. Ford said Friday. "We have to help these people. We can't
just keep feeding them and feeding them."
[continues 541 words]
Heather D'Alessio remembers drug education in high school that
consisted mainly of dire warnings about the consequences of using any
She was smoking pot by Grade 9, so she disregarded the
"Most of the time, they would give us these fact sheets on cannabis.
Then we'd all take it out to the corner and get high and laugh at it
because we thought it was stupid."
Who uses cannabis?
Governments and public health advocates are now launching new
education campaigns to warn young people about the health risks of
marijuana, which will soon be legal across Canada.
[continues 1132 words]
The Liberal Party of Canada has voted in favour of removing criminal
penalties for the personal possession of drugs.
It's one of a number of policies that the party selected as
priorities at a convention in Halifax on Saturday (April 21).
Members also voted in favour of universal pharmacare, decriminalizing
consensual sex work, and expanding medicare to cover mental-health
A total of 15 policies were selected to become official party
However, a policy's status as a party priority does not mean that
party leaders have to include it in the document where it really
counts: the party's campaign platform for the next federal election.
[continues 495 words]
Toronto's municipal licensing and standards department is reviewing
city bylaws to see if changes are needed to deal with the "potential
impacts" that people growing legal marijuana may have on neighbouring
tenants or properties.
Mark Sraga, director of investigation services for the licensing
department, said he doesn't anticipate cannabis home-grow operations
to have a significant impact on municipal bylaws when the law permits
people to grow the drug this summer.
"Under Health Canada rules, people are allowed to grow medicinal
marijuana in their houses," he said. "I don't see how growing four
plants necessarily having any impact considering the fact I've seen
some personal designation grow licences for hundreds of plants."
[continues 275 words]
Some remain skeptical the proposed Cannabis Act (Bill C-45) will
achieve one of its primary objectives: protecting youth from
cannabis-related harms. Some feel the minimum age should be higher
than the minimum age for alcohol, worried that those under 25 seem
more vulnerable to dependence and health problems linked to long-term,
Critics of the proposed minimum age may be overlooking another primary
objective: displacing the black-market. Young adults aged 18 to 24
represent one third of the market. The act attempts to strike a
balance between keeping marijuana away from minors and cash away from
[continues 629 words]
Premier Kathleen Wynne has ordered that school boards be given a say
in where provincial marijuana stores are located, noting that boards
are likely to know "where their kids go at lunchtime (and) where they
go after school."
Her demand came after the announcement that Toronto's first outlet of
the Ontario Cannabis Store would be located in Scarborough, 450 metres
from Blantyre Public School. The Toronto District School Board said it
had asked to be consulted about the location, but never was. Concerned
Blantyre parents discussed the news at a school council meeting last
[continues 1490 words]
Doctors who treat youth have serious concerns about the legalization
With universities and schools providing few details around strategies
for marijuana legalization, doctors who treat youth have serious
concerns about the inevitable increase in use and the impending
impacts of what can be a dangerous drug.
Dr. Chris Wilkes, Alberta Health Services head of child and adolescent
psychiatry, said educators "need to ramp it up" in terms of creating
environments to ensure safety and informing youths about the health
effects of marijuana.
[continues 805 words]
The decision isn't without controversy, but city council was wise to
ban the use of marijuana in public places.
When the federal government legalizes cannabis later this summer,
Calgarians won't be able to smoke, vape or eat products made with the
substance in public spaces, unless they're a medical marijuana user.
That's led critics of the decision to complain that people who live in
multi-family dwellings may not be able to use the drug.
"It's not an insignificant group of people - 36 per cent of Calgarians
are renters," Coun. Evan Woolley said when the restriction was being
discussed by council. "And effectively, we are saying there is no
space for you to consume cannabis, and that's a problem for me."
[continues 311 words]
MONTREAL-In the rush to marijuana legalization, cities across the
country are harnessing their limited powers to delay the opening of
retail pot stores, dictate where they can operate or ban them
outright-at least temporarily.
There was uproar from Ontario Premier Kathleen Wynne and the Toronto
District School Board after finding out the city's first retail
cannabis store would open just 450 metres from a school, in a strip
mall where students often eat lunch.
But it's the scenario many local politicians are fighting to
[continues 982 words]
Canada is moving closer to the legalization of recreational Cannabis
this summer. Federal legislation is awaiting Senate approval and all
the provinces have developed their implementation approach.
Governments across the country rarely agree on anything. But as we
embark on this change, they have been unanimous in agreeing that their
top policy objective is the protection of youth.
We know what the approaches and commitments have been from various
governments, so we are in a good position to know whether their
actions reflect their words. So far, the simple answer is no.
[continues 629 words]
Two very different things, both related to marijuana, happened in
Toronto last week. One mattered, and pointed to some of the challenges
still ahead with the legalization of marijuana later this year. The
other was the proverbial tempest in a teapot.
Allegations that workers were smoking pot on the job, forcing
Metrolinx to shut down work on a section of the $5.3-billion Crosstown
LRT project, was a serious matter.
But the uproar over the Toronto location for one of Ontario's first
government-run pot shops, which continued this week with comments from
Premier Kathleen Wynne, is way out of proportion.
[continues 541 words]
VANCOUVER - A government prohibition against mixing cannabis and
caffeine makes little sense, say some research scientists. There is
only speculation that the combination might pose a risk.
The practice, so common in the legendary pot capital of Amsterdam that
cannabis dispensaries are called "coffee shops," appears unlikely to
be coming to Canada anytime soon.
"It seems like the overriding philosophy for a lot of this is: ban
anything that might be a concern," said M-J Milloy, research scientist
with the B.C. Centre on Substance Use. "Then it's easier to un-ban
rather than trying to do it the other way around."
[continues 591 words]
On the eve of 4/20, CBC is hosting a panel to give kids and parents
the information they need before anyone tokes up.
Titled 4/19, the free evening event at Vancouver Technical secondary
hosted by CBC's Gloria Macarenko is aimed at informing teenagers and
their parents about the medical, social and legal impacts of cannabis
use for youth, with legalization in sight.
Experts range from youth workers and police officers to lawyers and
scientists, covering all aspects of this hazy issue.
[continues 410 words]
VANCOUVER - Vancouver city councillors agreed the city's approach to
harm reduction may appears extreme to those who haven't experienced
the overdose crisis' impacts first-hand.
But Coun. Hector Bremner told StarMetro he thinks those skeptical of
harm reduction simply haven't had an opportunity to learn how it
"The average person going about their day to day life, worrying about
their family and putting food on their table is not necessarily deeply
involved in these issues," Bremner said. "And so they go with what
they feel, or what they know, or what's the societal norm.
[continues 440 words]
"The 4/20 marijuana event will take place again this year in Sunset
Beach Park, against the wishes of the elected park board
commissioners. The board continues to have significant concerns about
the event's impact on residents, the park and facilities that serve
"The park board does not believe this event is an appropriate use of
park space because it violates our no smoking by-laws and has negative
consequences for park users and infrastructure. The Board has declined
to give organizers a permit as the event does not meet our criteria
for issuing a special event permit.
[continues 222 words]
Studies show controlled drug use can reduce consumption of street
As the opioid crisis rages on across North America, a number of recent
studies are pointing to cannabis and prescription heroin as viable
options in curbing the consumption of lethal street opiates, reducing
long-term medical and policing costs and extending the lives of users.
An analysis of opioid prescriptions in the U.S.published on Monday by
the American Medical Association showed a significant decrease in
opioid prescriptions in states that have adopted some sort of cannabis
legislation. Using data from 2010 to 2015, the analysis counted 3.7
million fewer daily doses of opioids prescribed in states that allow
weed dispensaries, while states that allow only home cultivation saw a
decrease of 1.8 million daily prescribed doses.
[continues 715 words]
More than half the charges laid against London marijuana dispensary
staffers and operators swept up in a series of raids on the illegal
businesses in the past two years have been withdrawn, court records
examined by The Free Press show.
London police have launched seven raids in three separate crackdowns
on city pot shops since August 2016, resulting in 49 charges against
But court records show 25 of those charges - mostly for possession for
the purposes of trafficking - were later withdrawn and resolved
through peace bonds, a non-plea order requiring the person to be on
good behaviour for a set period of time.
[continues 773 words]