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1 Lessons From The Tulia Freedom RideFri, 03 Aug 2001
Source:Tulia Herald (TX) Author:Hayes, Tracey Rochelle Area:Texas Lines:280 Added:08/03/2001

By Tracey Rochelle Hayes (mmmtexas@hotmail.com), Joe Ptak (headsup@haysco.net) and Noelle Davis (nellybelle74@hotmail.com) - Texas Network of Reform Groups

The experience of organizing the Tulia Freedom Ride was like experiencing a poem as it was being written. The apparent simplicity of the idea versus the reality of it's execution reveals the complexities involved in developing relationships with many individuals displaying a variety of motivational levels and aptitudes all at once. Consistently keeping our eyes on the goal, and adapting to rapidly changing circumstances with grace and humor, we achieved all of our short-term goals, placing us in perfect position to achieve our long-term goals.

[continues 1817 words]

2 Mexico: Come To ChiapasFri, 12 Sep 1997
Source:Boston Phoenix (MA) Author:Giordano, Al Area:Mexico Lines:451 Added:09/12/1997

An Open Letter To Senator John Kerry And Teresa Heinz

JULY 26, 1997: from somewhere in the mountains of southeast Mexico

Dear John and Teresa,

Picture this. I am kneeling upon volcanic rocks, alongside a turquoise mountain stream. The breeze keeps the flies and bees away, softens the red blows of the pounding Mayan sun on my skin. A spotted lizard scampers by my guide, Francisco, age 10, a child -- get this -- with an attention span. Your so-called First World of television and computer games, the world of money-media-Sony-Disney-Microsoft, hasn't yet colonized his mind and spirit in the nefarious ways it has manufactured half-persons out of his counterparts in the North. He watches patiently, curiously, as this 37-year-old gringo tries to wash clothes in the river -- occasionally cracking a quiet smile at my obvious difficulty with the task.

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3 Canada: Ruling of Justice J.F. McCart - Re: Chris ClayThu, 14 Aug 1997
Source:Canadian Foundation for Drug Policy http://www.cfd Author:McCart, J.F. Area:Canada Lines:930 Added:08/14/1997

HER MAJESTY THE QUEEN respondent

and

CHRISTOPHER CLAY and JORDAN KENT PRENTICE Applicants

Heard at London: April 28, 29, and 30, and May 5, 6, 7, 12, 13, 14, 15, 20 and 22, 1997.

McCART J.: (Delivered orally August 14, 1997) The accused were jointly charged that on or about the 17th day of May, 1995 at the City of London did unlawfully traffic in a narcotic, namely cannabis sativa, contrary to s.4(1) of the Narcotic Control Act and further, that on or about the 17th day of May, 1995 at the City of London did unlawfully possess a narcotic, namely cannabis sativa, for the purpose of trafficking contrary to s.4(2) of the Narcotic Control Act. In addition, Clay alone was charged that on the same date he did unlawfully traffic in a narcotic, namely cannabis sativa; that he did unlawfully possess a narcotic, namely cannabis sativa for the purpose of trafficking; and did unlawfully cultivate marijuana contrary to s.6(1) of the Narcotic Control Act.

[continues 8128 words]

4 Canada: Addendum To The Judgment Of J.F. McCart, Justice - Re: ChrisThu, 14 Aug 1997
Source:Canadian Foundation for Drug Policy http://www.cfd Author:Clay, Chris Area:Canada Lines:667 Added:08/14/1997

Addendum To The Judgment Of Mccart J. F.

DATED AUGUST 14, 1997

A Summary Of The Potential Harms & Benefits

Prepared by Chris Clay May 17, 1997

Report of the Indian Hemp Drugs Commission (India, 1893 1894)

*The excessive consumers then must be regarded as bearing but a small proportion to the moderate - certainly not more than 5 per cent, or 1 to 20. (p. 130)

*Cannabis indica must be looked upon as one of the most important drugs of Indian Materia Medica. (p. 175)

[continues 5249 words]

5 Canada: Affidavit Of Neil Boyd - Re: Chris ClayTue, 01 Apr 1997
Source:Chris Clay Author:Boyd, Neil Area:Canada Lines:232 Added:04/01/1997

B E T W E E N:

HER MAJESTY THE QUEEN Respondent

-and

CHRISTOPHER CLAY Applicant

I, NEIL BOYD, of the City of Burnaby, in the Province of British Columbia, MAKE OATH AND SAY:

1. I am a professor at the School of Criminology at Simon Fraser University in Burnaby, British Columbia and I have worked there since 1978. One of my areas of study and expertise relates to the sociological and criminological implications of Canada's drug laws. I have received several grants to further my studies in this area and I have authored numerous articles in this area. In 1991, my book, High Society: Legal and Illegal Drugs, was published by Key Porter Books. Attached hereto to this my affidavit as Exhibit "A" is a copy of my curriculum vitae which outlines my professional qualifications and my various publications.

[continues 1279 words]

6 Canada: Affidavit Of Dr Lester Grinspoon - Re: Chris ClayWed, 26 Mar 1997
Source:Chris Clay Author:Grinspoon, Lester Area:Canada Lines:310 Added:03/26/1997

B E T W E E N:

HER MAJESTY THE QUEEN Respondent

-and

CHRISTOPHER CLAY Applicant

I, LESTER GRINSPOON M.D., of the City of Boston in the State of Massachusetts, MAKE OATH AND SAY AS FOLLOWS:

1. I am currently an Associate Professor of Psychiatry at the Harvard Medical School in Boston and have been a professor at Harvard since 1973. I have written approximately 29 articles on various aspects of the use of cannabis, and I have been studying the social and medical aspects of cannabis use since 1967. In addition, I have authored two books on cannabis; namely, Marihuana Reconsidered (1971, Harvard University Press. 1st ed.; 1977, 2nd ed.; classic ed. 1994) and Marihuana.. The Forbidden Medicine (1993, Yale University Press). My book, Marihuana: The Forbidden Medicine has been translated into eight languages. In 1990, I was awarded the Alfred Lindesmith Award for Achievement in the Field of Scholarship. Attached hereto as Exhibit "A" is a true copy of my curriculum vitae. Attached hereto as Exhibit "B" are copies of the two books noted in this paragraph.

[continues 2640 words]

7 Canada: Affidavit Of Bruce Alexander - Re: Chris ClayTue, 25 Mar 1997
Source:Chris Clay Author:Alexander, Bruce Area:Canada Lines:226 Added:03/25/1997

BETWEEN:

HER MAJESTY THE QUEEN Respondent

-and

CHRISTOPHER CLAY Applicant

I, Bruce Alexander, of the City of Vancouver, in the Province of British Columbia, MAKE OATH AND SAY AS FOLLOWS:

1. I am a professor of psychology at Simon Fraser University. I have specialized in the study of drug addiction and drug use, and I have been doing research in this area since 1970. Attached hereto as Exhibit "A" is a true copy of my curriculum vitae.

[continues 1916 words]

8 Canada: Affidavit Of Eugene Oscapella - Re: Chris ClayFri, 21 Mar 1997
Source:Chris Clay Author:Oscapella, Eugene Area:Canada Lines:209 Added:03/21/1997

HER MAJESTY THE QUEEN Respondent

and

CHRISTOPHER CLAY Applicant

Affidavit Of Eugene Oscapella

I, EUGENE OSCAPELLA, of the City of Ottawa in the Province of Ontario, MAKE OATH AND SAY AS FOLLOWS:

1. I am a barrister and solicitor in the Province of Ontario having been called to the Bar in 1980. I have worked as a researcher and consultant for many government agencies including the Law Reform Commission of Canada, the Department of Justice, the Ontario Law Reform Commission and the Office of the Privacy Commissioner of Canada. In addition, I served as the first Chair of the Drug Policy Group of the Law Reform Commission of Canada and also now serve as a member of the policy committee of the Canadian Criminal Justice Association. I am a founding member of the Canadian Foundation for Drug Policy and, among my other professional duties, I currently serve as one of the Directors for this foundation. The Canadian Foundation for Drug Policy is a non-profit organization founded in 1993 by several of Canada's leading specialists in drug policy. The Foundation is designed to act as a forum for the exchange of views of the reform of Canada's drug policy and, where necessary, to recommend law reform alternatives that will make Canada's drug law and policies more effective and humane. Attached hereto to this affidavit and marked as Exhibit "A" is a copy of my curriculum vitae.

[continues 1392 words]

9 Canada: Affidavit Of Patricia G. Erickson Re: Chris ClayMon, 17 Mar 1997
Source:Chris Clay Author:Erickson, Patricia G. Area:Canada Lines:314 Added:03/17/1997

HER MAJESTY THE QUEEN Respondent

and

CHRISTOPHER CLAY Applicant

Affidavit Of Patricia G. Erickson

I, PATRICIA G. ERICKSON (Ph. D.), of City of Toronto, in the Toronto Region, MAKE OATH AND SAY AS FOLLOWS:

1. I am a Senior Scientist within the Social and Evaluation Research Department of the Addiction Research Foundation in Toronto. As well, I am an Adjunct Professor in the Department of Sociology, the Director of the Collaborative Program in Alcohol, Tobacco and other Psychoactive Substances, and a member of the Graduate Faculty at University of Toronto. Before joining the Addiction Research Foundation in 1973, I was a researcher with the Centre of Criminology, at the University of Toronto. I am the author of works such as Cannabis Criminals; The Social Effects of Punishment on Drug Users (ARF Books, 1980), "Living with Prohibition" in the International Journal of the Addictions (1989), the co-author of The Steel Drug: Cocaine in Perspective (Lexington Books, 1987) and The Steel Drug: Cocaine in Perspective. 2nd ed. (1994), as well as the co-editor of Illicit Drugs in Canada (Nelson Canada, 1988). My other publications and professional interests are in the areas of law enforcement and social policy with respect to illicit drugs, comparative juvenile justice systems, deterrence and drug market violence. I received my Doctorate in Criminology and Social Administration from the University of Glasgow, in Scotland, in 1983. My curriculum vitae is attached hereto at Exhibit "A".

[continues 2851 words]

10 Canada: Affidavit Of Robert Randall - Re: Chris ClayMon, 17 Mar 1997
Source:Chris Clay Author:Randall, Robert Area:Canada Lines:218 Added:03/17/1997

HER MAJESTY THE QUEEN Respondent

-and

CHRISTOPHER CLAY Applicant

I, ROBERT RANDALL, of the City of Sarasota, in the State of Florida, MAKE OATH AND SAY AS FOLLOW:

1. I received my B.A. degree from the University of South Florida (Tampa) in 1969. I obtained my M.A. degree in Rhetoric and the Oral Interpretation of Literature in 1971. Currently, I am President of the Alliance for Cannabis Therapeutics (ACT), an organization which seeks to make marijuana legally available for legitimate medical uses. Attached hereto as Exhibit "A" is a copy of my curriculum vitae.

[continues 1711 words]

11 Canada: Affidavit Of Hans-Jorg Albrecht - Re: Chris ClaySat, 15 Mar 1997
Source:Chris Clay Author:Albrecht, Hans-Jorg Area:Canada Lines:234 Added:03/15/1997

B E T W E E N:

HER MAJESTY THE QUEEN Respondent

-and

CHRISTOPHER CLAY Applicant

I, HANS-JORG ALBRECHT (Ph. D.), of City of Dresden, in the Country of Germany, MAKE OATH AND SAY AS FOLLOWS:

1. I am a Professor of Law at the Dresden University of Technology. I am currently the Chair of Criminal Law at that university. Previously, I was the Chair of Criminal Law at the University of Konstanz. As of March 1, 1997, I will be serving as the Director of the Max-Plank-Institute for Foreign and International Criminal Law in Freidburg. I also act as editor (or co-editor) of a number of legal and criminological journals including the French journal, Deviance et Societe, the European Journal of Crime Policy and Research, the European Journal of Crime, Criminal Law and Criminal Justice and the German Journal, Monatsschrfi fur Kriminologie und Straftechtsreform.

[continues 1931 words]

12 Canada: Affidavit Of Marie Andree Bertrand - Re: Chris ClaySat, 15 Mar 1997
Source:Chris Clay Author:Bertrand, Marie Andree Area:Canada Lines:377 Added:03/15/1997

BETWEEN:

HER MAJESTY THE QUEEN Respondent

-and

CHRISTOPHER CLAY Applicant

I, MARIE ANDREE BERTRAND, of the city of Montreal, in the province of Quebec, hereby MAKE OATH AND SAY AS FOLLOWS:

1. I am currently an Honorary Professor of Criminology at the University of Montreal, having officially retired on June 1,1996, after having been a member of faculty since 1967. At present, I am also a research associate with the International Centre of Comparative Criminology. From 1988 to present, I have been acting as President of the International Anti-Prohibitionist League in Brussels. Attached hereto as Exhibit "A" is a copy of my curriculum vitae.

[continues 3009 words]

13 Canada: Affidavit Of John P. Morgan M.D. - Re: Chris ClaySat, 15 Mar 1997
Source:Chris Clay Author:Morgan, John P. Area:Canada Lines:216 Added:03/15/1997

HER MAJESTY THE QUEEN Respondent

-and

CHRISTOPHER CLAY Defendant

I, JOHN P. MORGAN, Professor of Pharmacology, of the State of New York, MAKE OATH AND SAY AS FOLLOWS:

1. I am a Professor in the Pharmacology Department at CUNY Medical School in New York City. I have studied cannabis and its effects for over 25 years. I regularly review medical literature regarding cannabis, toxicity, and the medicinal use of cannabis. I have written and published eight articles that focus on and/or relate to cannabis and its use.

[continues 1763 words]

14 Canada: Affidavit Of Neev Tapiero - Re: Chris ClayMon, 10 Mar 1997
Source:Chris Clay Author:Tapiero, Neev Area:Canada Lines:110 Added:03/10/1997

HER MAJESTY THE QUEEN Respondent

-and

CHRISTOPHER CLAY Applicant

I, NEEV TAPIERO, of the City of Toronto in the Prnvinee of Ontario, MAKE OATH AND SAY AS FOLLOWS:

1. I am a 25 year old student at Ryerson Polytechnical University in Toronto, Ontario. I became interested in the medical use of cannabis sativa and have been studying the application of marijuana for medicijnl purposes for the past two years.

2. As a result of my studies, I have been interested in the formation of a local Buyer's Club in Toronto. A Buyers' Club is a public organization that supplies people wuth cannabis sativa for diagnosed medical needs. Such a club has been operating successlully for a number of years in San Francisco. A buyer's club provides marihuana that is affordable and of a quality that is both safe and effective for the club's members. in order to become a member, a letter of diagnosis from a medical doctor and a release of confidential medical information to confirm the diagnosis is required. People with recognized ailments such as cancer, multiple sclerosis, spinal paralysis, glaucoma, arthritis, migraines, and AIDS often qualify for membership. In order to become a member there are certain rules that must be followed. Members will often have the amount of cannabis they receive limited to a daily dosage and are strictly prohibited from trafficking or sharing their medical cannabis with non-members. Other rules include no driving after ingestion of the cammbis. The staff is trained to deal with each patient in a compassionate manner in order to create an atmosphere of relaxation.

[continues 588 words]

15 Canada: Affidavit of Diane Riley - Re: Chris ClaySat, 08 Mar 1997
Source:Chris Clay Author:Riley, Diane Area:Canada Lines:223 Added:03/08/1997

BETWEEN:

HER MAJESTY THE QUEEN respondent

and

CHRISTOPHER CLAY Applicant

I, DIANE M. RILEY, of the City of Toronto in the Toronto Region, MAKE OATH AND SAY AS FOLLOWS:

1. I am an Assistant Professor at the Department of Behavioural Science, University of Toronto, and a policy analyst at the Canadian Foundation of Drug Policy at the University of Toronto. I completed my undergraduate studies at the University of Sydney, in Australia. I then obtained a Master's degree (in 1979), and a Doctoral degree (in 1983), in Psychology (Psychophysiology), from the University of Toronto. I completed my education with post-doctoral work at the Addiction Research Foundation in Toronto. I then held the position of Assistant Professor in both the Department of Anthropology and Department of Psychology, at the University of Toronto. From 1988 to 1990, I was a consultant on AIDS Education and Prevention for the Metropolitan Toronto and federal Governments. In 1990, I joined the Canadian Centre on Substance Abuse as a Senior Policy Analyst, a position I held until 1996. I was a founding member of both the Canadian Foundation for Drug Policy and the International Harm Reduction Association. I currently serve as a director of the latter organization. I was also on the board of directors of the Canadian Hemophilia Society from 1987 to 1994. From 1988 to present, I have planned and chaired many conferences, such as the AIDS and Drug Use Symposium in 1988, and the Harm Reduction Around the World Symposium in 1996. Additionally, I have written and published widely on many topics, including Drug Use and Decriminalization of Marijuana. Attached hereto as Exhibit "A" is a copy of my curriculum vitae, setting out my academic credentials, my professional experience, research and operating grants received, and my list of publications.

[continues 1660 words]

16 US CA: Worker Fights Dismissal For Medical Marijuana UseSun, 02 Mar 1997
Source:New York Times (NY) Author:Janofsky, Michael Area:California Lines:125 Added:03/02/1997

LOS ANGELES, Feb. 24 - When the letter from the Orange County government arrived last week, Rod Dunaway knew what it said even before opening the envelope.

A heavy-equipment operator from Mission Viejo who smokes marijuana to relieve pain from glaucoma, Mr. Dunaway, 38, had recently taken a random drug test under a 1991 Federal law that requires random testing of many transportation workers. He tested positive for marijuana, and is now being dismissed by the county.

But this was no routine dismissal. After voters in a controversial statewide referendum last year approved the use of marijuana for medical purposes when recommended by a doctor, Mr. Dunaway became the first person in California claiming to use marijuana for pain relief to lose his job as a result.

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17 US: Column: The Return Of PotMon, 17 Feb 1997
Source:New Republic, The (US) Author:Rosin, Hanna Area:United States Lines:585 Added:02/17/1997

Inside the club, order seems to reign, as well. The computers are up, the phones are ringing. Reporters chase down sick people in wheelchairs. The reporters are here because today is a news event: the relaunching of the mothership, as the club is known to its grateful patients, marks the coming out of California's medical marijuana movement after years in hiding. Founded in 1992, the club existed in an uneasy truce with the city of San Francisco, selling pot to some 12,000 customers designated as medical patients. It grew to become by far the largest medical marijuana club in the state, serving as many patients in a day as the other seven or so clubs together might serve in a week. Then, in August, 1996, state narcotics agents raided the club and shut it down on a host of marijuana possession and distribution charges. Three months later, California voters, by a margin of 56 to 44 percent, passed Proposition 215: The Medical Marijuana Initiative, making it legal to smoke marijuana in California with the approval or recommendation of a doctor. A local judge promptly gave the club permission to reopen and designated the club's owner, a former (and often-convicted) marijuana dealer named Dennis Peron, as a caregiver (which is to say, pot provider) for up to 12,000 patients.

[continues 6136 words]

18 US CA: Life With AIDS And Medical MarijuanaMon, 03 Feb 1997
Source:Legal Times (DC) Author:McKee, Mike Area:California Lines:178 Added:02/03/1997

A Drug Prosecutor's Pot Conversion

When two doctors told Keith Vines three years ago that he should consider smoking marijuana for his health, the 46-year-old San Francisco assistant district attorney was thrown into a quandary.

He had always been a strong advocate of the nation's anti-drug policies. And as a self-styled "foot soldier" in the war on drugs, he had prosecuted one of the biggest pot busts in San Francisco history, sending a man to prison in 1993 for possessing more than 400 pounds of marijuana.

[continues 1345 words]

19 US: Editorial: Federal Foolishness and MarijuanaThu, 30 Jan 1997
Source:New England Journal of Medicine (MA) Author:Kassirer, Jerome P. Area:United States Lines:105 Added:01/30/1997

The advanced stages of many illnesses and their treatments are often accompanied by intractable nausea, vomiting, or pain. Thousands of patients with cancer, AIDS, and other diseases report they have obtained striking relief from these devastating symptoms by smoking marijuana. (1) The alleviation of distress can be so striking that some patients and their families have been willing to risk a jail term to obtain or grow the marijuana.

Despite the desperation of these patients, within weeks after voters in Arizona and California approved propositions allowing physicians in their states to prescribe marijuana for medical indications, federal officials, including the President, the secretary of Health and Human Services, and the attorney general sprang into action. At a news conference, Secretary Donna E. Shalala gave an organ recital of the parts of the body that she asserted could be harmed by marijuana and warned of the evils of its spreading use. Attorney General Janet Reno announced that physicians in any state who prescribed the drug could lose the privilege of writing prescriptions, be excluded from Medicare and Medicaid reimbursement, and even be prosecuted for a federal crime. General Barry R. McCaffrey, director of the Office of National Drug Control Policy, reiterated his agency's position that marijuana is a dangerous drug and implied that voters in Arizona and California had been duped into voting for these propositions. He indicated that it is always possible to study the effects of any drug, including marijuana, but that the use of marijuana by seriously ill patients would require, at the least, scientifically valid research.

[continues 639 words]

20 US NY: States' Rights Lose Some Of Their HighSun, 05 Jan 1997
Source:New York Times (NY) Author:Bradsher, Keith Area:New York Lines:137 Added:01/05/1997

Los Angeles - Ever since Ronald Reagan's "new federalism" revived the debate over states' rights in the 1980's - and particularly since Republicans took control of Congress in 1994 - power has seemed to be ebbing from Washington. Last year, the Federal Government gave up its six-decade responsibility for welfare. California, like other states, has moved to assert its authority in other areas, voting to side-step the Federal commitment to affirmative action and Federal drug laws on marijuana.

The trend may be unmistakable, but devolution, it turns out, isn't revolution. Arid it isn't easy, as advocates of states' rights, particularly in the West, are learning the hard way. They have been angered at recent assertions of authority by the Clinton Administration and the Federal judiciary.

[continues 945 words]


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