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1 Canada: Affidavit Of Hans-Jorg Albrecht - Re: Chris ClaySat, 15 Mar 1997
Source:Chris Clay Author:Albrecht, Hans-Jorg Area:Canada Lines:234 Added:03/15/1997

B E T W E E N:

HER MAJESTY THE QUEEN Respondent

-and

CHRISTOPHER CLAY Applicant

I, HANS-JORG ALBRECHT (Ph. D.), of City of Dresden, in the Country of Germany, MAKE OATH AND SAY AS FOLLOWS:

1. I am a Professor of Law at the Dresden University of Technology. I am currently the Chair of Criminal Law at that university. Previously, I was the Chair of Criminal Law at the University of Konstanz. As of March 1, 1997, I will be serving as the Director of the Max-Plank-Institute for Foreign and International Criminal Law in Freidburg. I also act as editor (or co-editor) of a number of legal and criminological journals including the French journal, Deviance et Societe, the European Journal of Crime Policy and Research, the European Journal of Crime, Criminal Law and Criminal Justice and the German Journal, Monatsschrfi fur Kriminologie und Straftechtsreform.

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2 Canada: Affidavit Of Bruce Alexander - Re: Chris ClayTue, 25 Mar 1997
Source:Chris Clay Author:Alexander, Bruce Area:Canada Lines:226 Added:03/25/1997

BETWEEN:

HER MAJESTY THE QUEEN Respondent

-and

CHRISTOPHER CLAY Applicant

I, Bruce Alexander, of the City of Vancouver, in the Province of British Columbia, MAKE OATH AND SAY AS FOLLOWS:

1. I am a professor of psychology at Simon Fraser University. I have specialized in the study of drug addiction and drug use, and I have been doing research in this area since 1970. Attached hereto as Exhibit "A" is a true copy of my curriculum vitae.

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3 Canada: Affidavit Of Marie Andree Bertrand - Re: Chris ClaySat, 15 Mar 1997
Source:Chris Clay Author:Bertrand, Marie Andree Area:Canada Lines:377 Added:03/15/1997

BETWEEN:

HER MAJESTY THE QUEEN Respondent

-and

CHRISTOPHER CLAY Applicant

I, MARIE ANDREE BERTRAND, of the city of Montreal, in the province of Quebec, hereby MAKE OATH AND SAY AS FOLLOWS:

1. I am currently an Honorary Professor of Criminology at the University of Montreal, having officially retired on June 1,1996, after having been a member of faculty since 1967. At present, I am also a research associate with the International Centre of Comparative Criminology. From 1988 to present, I have been acting as President of the International Anti-Prohibitionist League in Brussels. Attached hereto as Exhibit "A" is a copy of my curriculum vitae.

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4 Canada: Affidavit Of Neil Boyd - Re: Chris ClayTue, 01 Apr 1997
Source:Chris Clay Author:Boyd, Neil Area:Canada Lines:232 Added:04/01/1997

B E T W E E N:

HER MAJESTY THE QUEEN Respondent

-and

CHRISTOPHER CLAY Applicant

I, NEIL BOYD, of the City of Burnaby, in the Province of British Columbia, MAKE OATH AND SAY:

1. I am a professor at the School of Criminology at Simon Fraser University in Burnaby, British Columbia and I have worked there since 1978. One of my areas of study and expertise relates to the sociological and criminological implications of Canada's drug laws. I have received several grants to further my studies in this area and I have authored numerous articles in this area. In 1991, my book, High Society: Legal and Illegal Drugs, was published by Key Porter Books. Attached hereto to this my affidavit as Exhibit "A" is a copy of my curriculum vitae which outlines my professional qualifications and my various publications.

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5 Canada: Affidavit Of Dr Lester Grinspoon - Re: Chris ClayWed, 26 Mar 1997
Source:Chris Clay Author:Grinspoon, Lester Area:Canada Lines:310 Added:03/26/1997

B E T W E E N:

HER MAJESTY THE QUEEN Respondent

-and

CHRISTOPHER CLAY Applicant

I, LESTER GRINSPOON M.D., of the City of Boston in the State of Massachusetts, MAKE OATH AND SAY AS FOLLOWS:

1. I am currently an Associate Professor of Psychiatry at the Harvard Medical School in Boston and have been a professor at Harvard since 1973. I have written approximately 29 articles on various aspects of the use of cannabis, and I have been studying the social and medical aspects of cannabis use since 1967. In addition, I have authored two books on cannabis; namely, Marihuana Reconsidered (1971, Harvard University Press. 1st ed.; 1977, 2nd ed.; classic ed. 1994) and Marihuana.. The Forbidden Medicine (1993, Yale University Press). My book, Marihuana: The Forbidden Medicine has been translated into eight languages. In 1990, I was awarded the Alfred Lindesmith Award for Achievement in the Field of Scholarship. Attached hereto as Exhibit "A" is a true copy of my curriculum vitae. Attached hereto as Exhibit "B" are copies of the two books noted in this paragraph.

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6 Canada: Affidavit Of John P. Morgan M.D. - Re: Chris ClaySat, 15 Mar 1997
Source:Chris Clay Author:Morgan, John P. Area:Canada Lines:216 Added:03/15/1997

HER MAJESTY THE QUEEN Respondent

-and

CHRISTOPHER CLAY Defendant

I, JOHN P. MORGAN, Professor of Pharmacology, of the State of New York, MAKE OATH AND SAY AS FOLLOWS:

1. I am a Professor in the Pharmacology Department at CUNY Medical School in New York City. I have studied cannabis and its effects for over 25 years. I regularly review medical literature regarding cannabis, toxicity, and the medicinal use of cannabis. I have written and published eight articles that focus on and/or relate to cannabis and its use.

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7 Canada: Affidavit Of Eugene Oscapella - Re: Chris ClayFri, 21 Mar 1997
Source:Chris Clay Author:Oscapella, Eugene Area:Canada Lines:209 Added:03/21/1997

HER MAJESTY THE QUEEN Respondent

and

CHRISTOPHER CLAY Applicant

Affidavit Of Eugene Oscapella

I, EUGENE OSCAPELLA, of the City of Ottawa in the Province of Ontario, MAKE OATH AND SAY AS FOLLOWS:

1. I am a barrister and solicitor in the Province of Ontario having been called to the Bar in 1980. I have worked as a researcher and consultant for many government agencies including the Law Reform Commission of Canada, the Department of Justice, the Ontario Law Reform Commission and the Office of the Privacy Commissioner of Canada. In addition, I served as the first Chair of the Drug Policy Group of the Law Reform Commission of Canada and also now serve as a member of the policy committee of the Canadian Criminal Justice Association. I am a founding member of the Canadian Foundation for Drug Policy and, among my other professional duties, I currently serve as one of the Directors for this foundation. The Canadian Foundation for Drug Policy is a non-profit organization founded in 1993 by several of Canada's leading specialists in drug policy. The Foundation is designed to act as a forum for the exchange of views of the reform of Canada's drug policy and, where necessary, to recommend law reform alternatives that will make Canada's drug law and policies more effective and humane. Attached hereto to this affidavit and marked as Exhibit "A" is a copy of my curriculum vitae.

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8 Canada: Affidavit Of Patricia G. Erickson Re: Chris ClayMon, 17 Mar 1997
Source:Chris Clay Author:Erickson, Patricia G. Area:Canada Lines:314 Added:03/17/1997

HER MAJESTY THE QUEEN Respondent

and

CHRISTOPHER CLAY Applicant

Affidavit Of Patricia G. Erickson

I, PATRICIA G. ERICKSON (Ph. D.), of City of Toronto, in the Toronto Region, MAKE OATH AND SAY AS FOLLOWS:

1. I am a Senior Scientist within the Social and Evaluation Research Department of the Addiction Research Foundation in Toronto. As well, I am an Adjunct Professor in the Department of Sociology, the Director of the Collaborative Program in Alcohol, Tobacco and other Psychoactive Substances, and a member of the Graduate Faculty at University of Toronto. Before joining the Addiction Research Foundation in 1973, I was a researcher with the Centre of Criminology, at the University of Toronto. I am the author of works such as Cannabis Criminals; The Social Effects of Punishment on Drug Users (ARF Books, 1980), "Living with Prohibition" in the International Journal of the Addictions (1989), the co-author of The Steel Drug: Cocaine in Perspective (Lexington Books, 1987) and The Steel Drug: Cocaine in Perspective. 2nd ed. (1994), as well as the co-editor of Illicit Drugs in Canada (Nelson Canada, 1988). My other publications and professional interests are in the areas of law enforcement and social policy with respect to illicit drugs, comparative juvenile justice systems, deterrence and drug market violence. I received my Doctorate in Criminology and Social Administration from the University of Glasgow, in Scotland, in 1983. My curriculum vitae is attached hereto at Exhibit "A".

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9 Canada: Affidavit Of Robert Randall - Re: Chris ClayMon, 17 Mar 1997
Source:Chris Clay Author:Randall, Robert Area:Canada Lines:218 Added:03/17/1997

HER MAJESTY THE QUEEN Respondent

-and

CHRISTOPHER CLAY Applicant

I, ROBERT RANDALL, of the City of Sarasota, in the State of Florida, MAKE OATH AND SAY AS FOLLOW:

1. I received my B.A. degree from the University of South Florida (Tampa) in 1969. I obtained my M.A. degree in Rhetoric and the Oral Interpretation of Literature in 1971. Currently, I am President of the Alliance for Cannabis Therapeutics (ACT), an organization which seeks to make marijuana legally available for legitimate medical uses. Attached hereto as Exhibit "A" is a copy of my curriculum vitae.

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10 Canada: Affidavit of Diane Riley - Re: Chris ClaySat, 08 Mar 1997
Source:Chris Clay Author:Riley, Diane Area:Canada Lines:223 Added:03/08/1997

BETWEEN:

HER MAJESTY THE QUEEN respondent

and

CHRISTOPHER CLAY Applicant

I, DIANE M. RILEY, of the City of Toronto in the Toronto Region, MAKE OATH AND SAY AS FOLLOWS:

1. I am an Assistant Professor at the Department of Behavioural Science, University of Toronto, and a policy analyst at the Canadian Foundation of Drug Policy at the University of Toronto. I completed my undergraduate studies at the University of Sydney, in Australia. I then obtained a Master's degree (in 1979), and a Doctoral degree (in 1983), in Psychology (Psychophysiology), from the University of Toronto. I completed my education with post-doctoral work at the Addiction Research Foundation in Toronto. I then held the position of Assistant Professor in both the Department of Anthropology and Department of Psychology, at the University of Toronto. From 1988 to 1990, I was a consultant on AIDS Education and Prevention for the Metropolitan Toronto and federal Governments. In 1990, I joined the Canadian Centre on Substance Abuse as a Senior Policy Analyst, a position I held until 1996. I was a founding member of both the Canadian Foundation for Drug Policy and the International Harm Reduction Association. I currently serve as a director of the latter organization. I was also on the board of directors of the Canadian Hemophilia Society from 1987 to 1994. From 1988 to present, I have planned and chaired many conferences, such as the AIDS and Drug Use Symposium in 1988, and the Harm Reduction Around the World Symposium in 1996. Additionally, I have written and published widely on many topics, including Drug Use and Decriminalization of Marijuana. Attached hereto as Exhibit "A" is a copy of my curriculum vitae, setting out my academic credentials, my professional experience, research and operating grants received, and my list of publications.

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11 Canada: Affidavit Of Neev Tapiero - Re: Chris ClayMon, 10 Mar 1997
Source:Chris Clay Author:Tapiero, Neev Area:Canada Lines:110 Added:03/10/1997

HER MAJESTY THE QUEEN Respondent

-and

CHRISTOPHER CLAY Applicant

I, NEEV TAPIERO, of the City of Toronto in the Prnvinee of Ontario, MAKE OATH AND SAY AS FOLLOWS:

1. I am a 25 year old student at Ryerson Polytechnical University in Toronto, Ontario. I became interested in the medical use of cannabis sativa and have been studying the application of marijuana for medicijnl purposes for the past two years.

2. As a result of my studies, I have been interested in the formation of a local Buyer's Club in Toronto. A Buyers' Club is a public organization that supplies people wuth cannabis sativa for diagnosed medical needs. Such a club has been operating successlully for a number of years in San Francisco. A buyer's club provides marihuana that is affordable and of a quality that is both safe and effective for the club's members. in order to become a member, a letter of diagnosis from a medical doctor and a release of confidential medical information to confirm the diagnosis is required. People with recognized ailments such as cancer, multiple sclerosis, spinal paralysis, glaucoma, arthritis, migraines, and AIDS often qualify for membership. In order to become a member there are certain rules that must be followed. Members will often have the amount of cannabis they receive limited to a daily dosage and are strictly prohibited from trafficking or sharing their medical cannabis with non-members. Other rules include no driving after ingestion of the cammbis. The staff is trained to deal with each patient in a compassionate manner in order to create an atmosphere of relaxation.

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12 Canada: Ruling of Justice J.F. McCart - Re: Chris ClayThu, 14 Aug 1997
Source:Canadian Foundation for Drug Policy http://www.cfd Author:McCart, J.F. Area:Canada Lines:930 Added:08/14/1997

HER MAJESTY THE QUEEN respondent

and

CHRISTOPHER CLAY and JORDAN KENT PRENTICE Applicants

Heard at London: April 28, 29, and 30, and May 5, 6, 7, 12, 13, 14, 15, 20 and 22, 1997.

McCART J.: (Delivered orally August 14, 1997) The accused were jointly charged that on or about the 17th day of May, 1995 at the City of London did unlawfully traffic in a narcotic, namely cannabis sativa, contrary to s.4(1) of the Narcotic Control Act and further, that on or about the 17th day of May, 1995 at the City of London did unlawfully possess a narcotic, namely cannabis sativa, for the purpose of trafficking contrary to s.4(2) of the Narcotic Control Act. In addition, Clay alone was charged that on the same date he did unlawfully traffic in a narcotic, namely cannabis sativa; that he did unlawfully possess a narcotic, namely cannabis sativa for the purpose of trafficking; and did unlawfully cultivate marijuana contrary to s.6(1) of the Narcotic Control Act.

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13 Canada: Addendum To The Judgment Of J.F. McCart, Justice - Re: ChrisThu, 14 Aug 1997
Source:Canadian Foundation for Drug Policy http://www.cfd Author:Clay, Chris Area:Canada Lines:667 Added:08/14/1997

Addendum To The Judgment Of Mccart J. F.

DATED AUGUST 14, 1997

A Summary Of The Potential Harms & Benefits

Prepared by Chris Clay May 17, 1997

Report of the Indian Hemp Drugs Commission (India, 1893 1894)

*The excessive consumers then must be regarded as bearing but a small proportion to the moderate - certainly not more than 5 per cent, or 1 to 20. (p. 130)

*Cannabis indica must be looked upon as one of the most important drugs of Indian Materia Medica. (p. 175)

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14 US: Editorial: Federal Foolishness and MarijuanaThu, 30 Jan 1997
Source:New England Journal of Medicine (MA) Author:Kassirer, Jerome P. Area:United States Lines:105 Added:01/30/1997

The advanced stages of many illnesses and their treatments are often accompanied by intractable nausea, vomiting, or pain. Thousands of patients with cancer, AIDS, and other diseases report they have obtained striking relief from these devastating symptoms by smoking marijuana. (1) The alleviation of distress can be so striking that some patients and their families have been willing to risk a jail term to obtain or grow the marijuana.

Despite the desperation of these patients, within weeks after voters in Arizona and California approved propositions allowing physicians in their states to prescribe marijuana for medical indications, federal officials, including the President, the secretary of Health and Human Services, and the attorney general sprang into action. At a news conference, Secretary Donna E. Shalala gave an organ recital of the parts of the body that she asserted could be harmed by marijuana and warned of the evils of its spreading use. Attorney General Janet Reno announced that physicians in any state who prescribed the drug could lose the privilege of writing prescriptions, be excluded from Medicare and Medicaid reimbursement, and even be prosecuted for a federal crime. General Barry R. McCaffrey, director of the Office of National Drug Control Policy, reiterated his agency's position that marijuana is a dangerous drug and implied that voters in Arizona and California had been duped into voting for these propositions. He indicated that it is always possible to study the effects of any drug, including marijuana, but that the use of marijuana by seriously ill patients would require, at the least, scientifically valid research.

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15 US NY: States' Rights Lose Some Of Their HighSun, 05 Jan 1997
Source:New York Times (NY) Author:Bradsher, Keith Area:New York Lines:137 Added:01/05/1997

Los Angeles - Ever since Ronald Reagan's "new federalism" revived the debate over states' rights in the 1980's - and particularly since Republicans took control of Congress in 1994 - power has seemed to be ebbing from Washington. Last year, the Federal Government gave up its six-decade responsibility for welfare. California, like other states, has moved to assert its authority in other areas, voting to side-step the Federal commitment to affirmative action and Federal drug laws on marijuana.

The trend may be unmistakable, but devolution, it turns out, isn't revolution. Arid it isn't easy, as advocates of states' rights, particularly in the West, are learning the hard way. They have been angered at recent assertions of authority by the Clinton Administration and the Federal judiciary.

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16 US CA: Life With AIDS And Medical MarijuanaMon, 03 Feb 1997
Source:Legal Times (DC) Author:McKee, Mike Area:California Lines:178 Added:02/03/1997

A Drug Prosecutor's Pot Conversion

When two doctors told Keith Vines three years ago that he should consider smoking marijuana for his health, the 46-year-old San Francisco assistant district attorney was thrown into a quandary.

He had always been a strong advocate of the nation's anti-drug policies. And as a self-styled "foot soldier" in the war on drugs, he had prosecuted one of the biggest pot busts in San Francisco history, sending a man to prison in 1993 for possessing more than 400 pounds of marijuana.

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17 US CA: Worker Fights Dismissal For Medical Marijuana UseSun, 02 Mar 1997
Source:New York Times (NY) Author:Janofsky, Michael Area:California Lines:125 Added:03/02/1997

LOS ANGELES, Feb. 24 - When the letter from the Orange County government arrived last week, Rod Dunaway knew what it said even before opening the envelope.

A heavy-equipment operator from Mission Viejo who smokes marijuana to relieve pain from glaucoma, Mr. Dunaway, 38, had recently taken a random drug test under a 1991 Federal law that requires random testing of many transportation workers. He tested positive for marijuana, and is now being dismissed by the county.

But this was no routine dismissal. After voters in a controversial statewide referendum last year approved the use of marijuana for medical purposes when recommended by a doctor, Mr. Dunaway became the first person in California claiming to use marijuana for pain relief to lose his job as a result.

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18 US: Column: The Return Of PotMon, 17 Feb 1997
Source:New Republic, The (US) Author:Rosin, Hanna Area:United States Lines:585 Added:02/17/1997

Inside the club, order seems to reign, as well. The computers are up, the phones are ringing. Reporters chase down sick people in wheelchairs. The reporters are here because today is a news event: the relaunching of the mothership, as the club is known to its grateful patients, marks the coming out of California's medical marijuana movement after years in hiding. Founded in 1992, the club existed in an uneasy truce with the city of San Francisco, selling pot to some 12,000 customers designated as medical patients. It grew to become by far the largest medical marijuana club in the state, serving as many patients in a day as the other seven or so clubs together might serve in a week. Then, in August, 1996, state narcotics agents raided the club and shut it down on a host of marijuana possession and distribution charges. Three months later, California voters, by a margin of 56 to 44 percent, passed Proposition 215: The Medical Marijuana Initiative, making it legal to smoke marijuana in California with the approval or recommendation of a doctor. A local judge promptly gave the club permission to reopen and designated the club's owner, a former (and often-convicted) marijuana dealer named Dennis Peron, as a caregiver (which is to say, pot provider) for up to 12,000 patients.

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19 Lessons From The Tulia Freedom RideFri, 03 Aug 2001
Source:Tulia Herald (TX) Author:Hayes, Tracey Rochelle Area:Texas Lines:280 Added:08/03/2001

By Tracey Rochelle Hayes (mmmtexas@hotmail.com), Joe Ptak (headsup@haysco.net) and Noelle Davis (nellybelle74@hotmail.com) - Texas Network of Reform Groups

The experience of organizing the Tulia Freedom Ride was like experiencing a poem as it was being written. The apparent simplicity of the idea versus the reality of it's execution reveals the complexities involved in developing relationships with many individuals displaying a variety of motivational levels and aptitudes all at once. Consistently keeping our eyes on the goal, and adapting to rapidly changing circumstances with grace and humor, we achieved all of our short-term goals, placing us in perfect position to achieve our long-term goals.

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20 Mexico: Come To ChiapasFri, 12 Sep 1997
Source:Boston Phoenix (MA) Author:Giordano, Al Area:Mexico Lines:451 Added:09/12/1997

An Open Letter To Senator John Kerry And Teresa Heinz

JULY 26, 1997: from somewhere in the mountains of southeast Mexico

Dear John and Teresa,

Picture this. I am kneeling upon volcanic rocks, alongside a turquoise mountain stream. The breeze keeps the flies and bees away, softens the red blows of the pounding Mayan sun on my skin. A spotted lizard scampers by my guide, Francisco, age 10, a child -- get this -- with an attention span. Your so-called First World of television and computer games, the world of money-media-Sony-Disney-Microsoft, hasn't yet colonized his mind and spirit in the nefarious ways it has manufactured half-persons out of his counterparts in the North. He watches patiently, curiously, as this 37-year-old gringo tries to wash clothes in the river -- occasionally cracking a quiet smile at my obvious difficulty with the task.

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21 CN QU: Marijuana Legalization Movement Picks Up SteamThu, 30 Oct 1997
Source:Carillon (CN SN Edu) Author:Dobie, Michael Area:Quebec Lines:87 Added:10/30/1997

MONTREAL (CUP) -- The movement pushing for the legalization of marijuana is gaining strength as a nascent pro-pot political party gets ready to run candidates in the upcoming Quebec election while Torontonians are being invited on the Can-Abyss train.

The Bloc Pot is being organized by 28-year-old Montreal musician Marc St. Maurice, a six-year veteran of marijuana activism.

He has collected the nearly 1,000 signatures needed to get official party status and is looking for 10 people to run for office. St. Maurice says lots of people have stepped forward, adding that it only remains to work out who will run in what riding.

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22 US CA: PUB LTE: New Voices On MarijuanaThu, 02 Jan 1997
Source:San Francisco Examiner (CA) Author:Sussman, Michael Area:California Lines:35 Added:01/21/1997

The Examiner, which has done a good job of covering new directions in the public debate about drug policy, should be commended for allowing a dissenting opinion by Ethan Nadelmann ( "Pro: The case for medical marijuana" ).

Reading the opposing viewpoints, we can see how impoverished the drug debate has been for the past 20 years. For every scientific claim McCaffrey trots out to demonstrate marijuana's danger, Nadelmann has a competing proof of its relative safety and efficacy as a medicine. Nadelmann shows the difficulties doctors have had in demonstrating the legitimacy of medical marijuana in the climate of hysteria created by sound-bite politicians.

[continues 64 words]

23 US CO: PUB LTE: Marijuana Editorial Muddled As U. S. PolicyFri, 10 Jan 1997
Source:Rocky Mountain News (CO) Author:Daurer, Gregory Area:Colorado Lines:31 Added:01/10/1997

The editorial asserts that pot-prescription laws in Arizona and California are misguided, that there are better drugs than cannabis available for life- and sense-threatening illnesses. On the contrary, marijuana is sometimes the *best* medicine -- that's why six individuals legally receive marijuana from the federal goverment to smoke for glaucoma and other diseases. (Yes, *only* six.) The wake-up call from Arizona and California is that states are justifiably choosing to expand this prescription policy, which the federal government, in its duplicity, is trying to scuttle.

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24 US CA: PUB LTE: Medical MarijuanaFri, 10 Jan 1997
Source:International Herald-Tribune (France) Author:Sutliff, Gerald M. Area:California Lines:27 Added:01/10/1997

The article reports that the government's plan to fight the California referendum legalizing the medical use of marijuana "would threaten doctors with revocation of their federal registration and possible criminal prosecution if they prescribe the drug."

But under the law, doctors will not be prescribing or dispensing marijuana. Recommending marijuana for a patient is a communication to the state and local law enforcement authorities. It remains up to the patient to obtain the marijuana. How can that be a violation of prescription-writing rules? Since the federal government cannot legally move against the law or the doctors, the drugwarrior establishment is resorting to terror tactics.

GERALD M. SUTLIFF, Walnut Creek, California.

[end]

25 US CA: PUB LTE: The Pursuit Of HappinessFri, 10 Jan 1997
Source:San Francisco Chronicle (CA) Author:Vignaud, Paul Area:California Lines:31 Added:01/10/1997

As regards the latest developments in the war against drugs and the decriminalization of Marijuana, I assert that some basic issues are being ignored, namely : If we go to the Bible, we find in Genesis (Chapter 1:29) that God says: "Behold, I have given you every herb yielding seed, which is upon the face of the entire Earth... to you it shall be as food." Secondly, on every note of American currency it is stated that "In God We Trust". Thirdly, in the Declaration of Independence, by which our forefathers stated that we are a nation, we find that we are apportioned by the same God the right to "...Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of Happiness..." Finally, (even putting aside for now the God-given right to the pursuit of happiness) we find in The Random House Dictionary that Liberty means (Def. 4) "Freedom from external control or interference, obligation, etc.; freedom to choose."

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26 US TX: PUB LTE: If Marijuana Works Like A Medicine . . .Sat, 11 Jan 1997
Source:Austin-American Statesman (TX) Author:Givens, R. J. Area:Texas Lines:39 Added:01/11/1997

Chartrand already contradicts himself by admitting that THC is a valid medicine after denying that the source -- marijuana -- is also a medicine. It's like saying that vitamin C in a pill is good, but vitamin C in an orange is worthless.

AIDS, cancer and chemotherapy all produce devastating nausea, vomiting and wasting from slow starvation. When nausea relief is needed most, Marinol is worthless because it is impossible to swallow the pills Chartrand promotes so carelessly. Marijuana is vastly superior to THC pills because when you are in the pits of hell heaving your guts out, a puff or two of good cannabis instantly stops the nausea and vomiting. I know from first-hand experience.

[continues 88 words]

27 US OR: PUB LTE: Pot Is Not For Kids; The Ill Aren't EnemiesSun, 12 Jan 1997
Source:Sunday Oregonian (OR) Author:Livermore, Arthur Area:Oregon Lines:28 Added:01/12/1997

You say that Health and Human Services Secretary Donna Shalala's "line of argument implies a responsibility to devote greater attention to the medical use of marijuana and to the essentially human impulses behind the two initiatives' passage - the relief of suffering" (Jan. 3 editorial). So why are you telling my doctor that he is a criminal if he recommends that I use marijuana?

You say that "a successful war on drugs chiefly benefits children." And I have to suffer? Why? Is it really a war against marijuana? No. It is a misguided war against the misuse of marijuana. I don't want any children using marijuana.

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28 US OR: PUB LTE: Mccaffrey Uses Scare TacticsSun, 12 Jan 1997
Source:Daily Courier Grants Pass (OR) Author:Goodman, Leo Area:Oregon Lines:39 Added:01/12/1997

In response to the December 30th article concerning the Clinton administration hard line opposition to the voter approved medical marijuana measures. I would like to share these thoughts.

Drug Czar Barry McCaffrey uses typical scare tactics by calling marijuana a dangerous drug. I wonder if he knows that there has never been a case where marijuana toxicity has been the cause of death. Compare this with the number of deaths each year from over dosing on such common legal drugs as aspirin, sleeping pills, alcohol and tobacco to name a few.

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29 US NJ: PUB LTE: Heroes Or Criminals? The Legality Of Needle Exchange In New JersTue, 14 Jan 1997
Source:Trenton Times (NJ) Author:Day, Dawn Area:New Jersey Lines:118 Added:01/14/1997

In my book, Diana McCague and Thomas Scozzare are heroes. Unfortunately, the state of New Jersey claims they are criminals. Diana and Thomas were arrested in New Brunswick one cold night last April because they were trying to stop the spread of HIV by giving out clean needles to persons who injected drugs.

No knowledgeable person contests Dianàs and Thomas̀ assertion that New Jersey is at the epicenter of the American AIDS epidemic caused by the use of dirty needles. According to the New Jersey Health Department, over half of all AIDS cases in New Jersey are injection-related. By the end of September 1996, 16,800 New Jersey residents age 13 and over were living with injection-related AIDS or had died from it. We can expect the epidemic to continue on an alarming scale.

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30 US: OPED: The Drug War 'Cannot Be Won'Sun, 02 Feb 1997
Source:Washington Post (DC) Author:Soros, George Area:United States Lines:195 Added:02/02/1997

It's Time to Just Say No To Self-Destructive Prohibition

Like many people, I was delighted this past November when voters in California and Arizona approved, by substantial margins, two ballot initiatives that represent a change in direction in our drug policies. The California initiative legalized the cultivation and use of marijuana for medicinal purposes. The Arizona initiative went further, allowing doctors to prescribe any drug for legitimate medical purposes and mandating treatment, not incarceration, for those arrested for illegal drug possession. It also stiffened penalties for violent crimes committed under the influence of drugs.

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31 US MN: PUB LTE: Shoot FirstWed, 15 Jan 1997
Source:City Pages Minneapolis-St. Paul (MN) Author:Bischke, Paul M. Area:Minnesota Lines:36 Added:01/15/1997

In considering research only after launching a federal attack on medical marijuana patients and their doctors, drug czar Barry McCaffrey has embraced the macho maxim "shoot first, ask questions later."

Gen. McCaffrey isn't the first drug warrior to target doctors. The first major drug prohibition law, the Harrison Act, originally allowed doctors to dispense maintenance narcotics doses to addicts. Around 1920, a re-interpretation of the law forbade this common practice, leading to 35,000 arrests and 6000 jailings of doctors. When police oversee health care, unseemly things happen.

[continues 144 words]

32 US WA: PUB LTE: War On Drugs: If We Really Want To HelpSat, 18 Jan 1997
Source:Skagit Valley Herald (WA) Author:Bigelow, Allison Area:Washington Lines:31 Added:01/18/1997

Now gangs, overcrowded jails and rampant substance abuse by teens are being caused by that very war. Drugs are easier to get than alcohol for most children. The government regulates who can purchase alcohol; not so with illegal drugs.

There comes a time in a debate when one side realizes that they may not be right. I wonder how many of the government's drug warriors see the damage they are inflicting on our society but choose to continue. When you seek the truth, you'll see many studies that have been suppressed by our government. You'll read articles by reputable people in favor of drug policy reform.

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33 US NJ: PUB LTE: Methadone Shows Proven Track RecordSat, 18 Jan 1997
Source:Home News & Tribune (NJ) Author:Koons, John Area:New Jersey Lines:31 Added:01/18/1997

In stating long-term residential treatment facilities were needed for addiction, she also condemned methadone programs as "fast, ineffective, temporary solutions to a tremendous drug problem". Miskolczi introduced these remarks with credentials to give merit to her statements (having a master's degree in social work).

The people who have contacted me also were knowledgeable in drug treatment - doctors and other professionals - some of whom were program directors. Despite their diversified backgrounds, all rejected most of the content of this letter and substantiated their dissents with research and empirical findings. Most also pointed out that methadone programs were unparalleled in their efficacy in reducing drug use, death, crime, and disease among heroin users, and that their biggest problem was politicization leading to over- regulation from misinformation.

If there is any "real help" needed on this issue, it is in the area of examining accomplished research without political and moral prejudices.

John M. Koons Sayreville

[end]

34 US CA: PUB LTE: Re: Editorial "feds Should Back Off Prop. 215"Fri, 03 Jan 1997
Source:Contra Costa Times (CA) Author:Sutliff, Gerald M. Area:California Lines:25 Added:01/31/1997

Kudos to you and Contra Costa Times for your editorial reminding the federal government that the people of California have spoke on medical marijuana and it is time the feds to butt out.

My minor quibble is with the use of the term "prescribe." Doctors cannot prescribe marijuana because pharmacists are not allowed to dispense it. A recommendation, under Proposition 215 whether written or oral, is a communication to law enforcement, local and state. It is not a violation of federal controlled proscription authority. If a doctor dispenses "recommendations" in an irresponsible manner and thereby violates his Hippocratic oath it would be the duty of the State of California or the appropriate authority in California (not the federal government which does not issue medical licenses) to revoke said doctor's license to practice medicine.

Very truly yours Gerald M. Sutliff Walnut Creek, CA

[end]

35 Australia: PUB LTE: The High Cost Of Drug ProhibitionSun, 19 Jan 1997
Source:Canberra Times (Australia) Author:Watney, Peter Area:Australia Lines:59 Added:01/19/1997

The Australian Illicit Drug Report 1995 - 1996 produced by the Australian Bureau of Criminal Intelligence puts the price of heroin somewhere between $6,500 and $17,000 per ounce, which makes it from 15 to 40 times more valuable than gold.

Can any factor other than prohibition be responsible for easily harvested plants and their extracts such as cannabis resin and heroin now being priced so far above gold?

Can you think of any way in which some people will not be tempted by such prices into criminally marketing these or other equally dangerous substances?

[continues 273 words]

36 US OH: PUB LTE: War on the Sick and DyingSun, 19 Jan 1997
Source:Blade (OH) Author:Lake, Richard Area:Ohio Lines:44 Added:01/19/1997

Two years ago a relative, dying of cancer, was advised by his VA doctor to smoke marijuana to relieve his nausea and rapid weight loss. Other medicine wasn't working; indeed, he couldn't keep it down.

This gentleman's wife, in desperation, ventured into seedy bars and found marijuana for her husband. As a result, he gained weight, lived longer and enjoyed a higher quality of life.

How sad that Barry McCaffrey, a retired general with no medical credentials, chooses to threaten doctors and patients who wish to use this effective medicine (Blade Pro & Con Issue, Jan 12).

[continues 105 words]

37 US NJ: PUB LTE: More Prohibition?Mon, 20 Jan 1997
Source:Star Ledger (NJ) Author:Flaim, Sean Area:New Jersey Lines:27 Added:01/20/1997

Maybe he is right. After all, cigarettes are highly addictive, serve no useful medical purpose and have a high chance of being abused, the three criteria for schedule-one classification. I'm sure if the government banned tobacco as a controlled substance, people would gladly report to their local precincts to hand over their newly designated contraband and swear off cigarettes forever. Those who didn't could be sent to prison, where they could mend their evil ways.

And maybe we should ban alcohol, too. It's also highly addictive and serves no useful medical purpose. On the other hand, we tried that already.

Evans tells us that marijuana's only effect is to mask symptoms and make some people feel better. Hmmm. Sounds like codeine, morphine and many other painkillers. Maybe we should ban them, too.

Sean Flaim, Minneapolis

[end]

38 US WA: PUB LTE: War On Drugs -- Whatever It's Called, Drug Policy Taking CasualtTue, 21 Jan 1997
Source:Seattle Times (WA) Author:Bigelow, Allison Area:Washington Lines:35 Added:01/21/1997

Now gangs, overcrowded jails and rampant substance abuse by teens are being caused by that very war. We are putting our children in the middle of this war. Drugs are easier to get than alcohol for most children. The government regulates who can purchase alcohol, not so with illegal drugs.

There comes a time in a debate, when one side realizes that they may not be right. I wonder how many of the government's drug warriors see the damage they are inflicting on our society but choose to continue. When you seek the truth, you'll see many studies that have been suppressed by our government. You'll read articles by reputable people in favor of drug-policy reform.

[continues 63 words]

39 US MN: PUB LTE: What Makes A Medicine Naughty?Tue, 21 Jan 1997
Source:Star Tribune (MN) Author:Young And Paul, Billie Area:Minnesota Lines:28 Added:01/21/1997

The questionable premise of your medical marijuana article (Star Tribune, Jan. 6) is that marijuana may be justifiably decriminalized for medical use only if it is the sole medicine for treating each of its many indicated diseases.

This tight-fisted attitude stems from the peculiar belief that marijuana, even as a medicine, is naughty and because inappropriate use could pose safety risks.

What makes a medicine naughty? If the possibility of inappropriate use justifies prohibition, we should ban thousands of medicines: cold remedies, tranquilizers, and anesthetics.

By contrast, no one has ever died from the pharmacological effects of marijuana --- lethal overdose is essentially impossible. Sincerely,

Billie Young and Paul Bischke, Co-Directors Drug Policy Reform Group St. Paul, Minnesota 55102

[end]

40 US WA: PUB LTE: Ethics LapsesTue, 21 Jan 1997
Source:Seattle Times (WA) Author:Mcpeak, Vivian Area:Washington Lines:22 Added:01/21/1997

I am only left to think: What's wrong with this nation's youth? Are they not paying attention to the messages our country's role models are sending?

Vivian McPeak Seattle

[end]

41 US TX: PUB LTE: Drug War Has Failed MiserablySun, 22 Jun 1997
Source:Dallas Morning News Author:Epstein, Jerry Area:Texas Lines:92 Added:06/22/1997

Ezequiel Hernandez is dead, another victim, not of drugs, but of the War On Drugs.

An innocent 18 year old boy, who everyone says was a good kid, who was just tending his family's goats, has been shot by Marines given the job of stopping the drug flow.

Most Americans have a good sense of the fact that the War On Drugs has failed in its basic intent to curb the availability or the abuse of drugs. Ezequiel's death is a tragic example of a less understood facet: the damage done by the unintended consequences of our policy.

[continues 563 words]

42 US CA: PUB LTE: Miracle CureThu, 23 Jan 1997
Source:San Francisco Chronicle (CA) Author:Webster, Peter Area:California Lines:19 Added:01/23/1997

Perhaps the most interesting use of medical marijuana, and in this case a ``single exposure'' has been known to work miracles, is in the cue of that mysterious psychological condition which renders otherwise intelligent humans willfully ignorant of the truth about the drug.

In agreement with Ms. Rodgers, I would say that the demonization of marijuana is a crowd madness on a scale not seen since the medieval Inquisition.

PETER WEBSTER Le Cannet, France

[end]

43 US TX: PUB LTE: Just Like ProhibitionSun, 26 Jan 1997
Source:Dallas Morning News (TX) Author:Smith, Adam Area:Texas Lines:35 Added:01/26/1997

Prohibition has diverted the energies of the Salvation Army from the drunkard in the gutter to the boys and girls in their teens The work of the Army has complelety changed in the past five years . . . Prohibition has so materially affected society that we have girls in our rescue homes who ore 14 and 15 years old, while 10 years ago the youngest was in the early 20 s.

Those are the words of Col. William L. Barker, head of the Northern Division, Salvation Army, as quoted in the St. Cloud, Minn., Daily Times, Feb. 9, 1925.

[continues 98 words]

44 US WA: PUB LTE: It's Their Ethics That Have Gone To PotSat, 27 Jan 1996
Source:Daily World Aberdeen (WA) Author:Mills, Scott Area:Washington Lines:33 Added:01/27/1997

The actions by the DEA against laws passed in Arizona and California leads the U.S. closer to a police state than ever before. The majority of voters in these two states passed legislation to allow the compassionate use of marijuana by seriously ill people when prescribed by Doctors. Backers of Proposition 215 -- including many influential medical officials and organizations -- say marijuana relieves nausea and stimulates the appetite of patients who are wasting away with cancer, AIDS and other serious illnesses. The measure was designed to make cultivation, sale and possession of marijuana legal for certain medical purposes, and it included specific protections to assure that doctors would not be punished for their recommendations. The Justice Department chooses not to challenge these laws in court because they might lose, so the DEA and drug czar plan to subvert the will of the voters and prosecute the professionals that are trained to diagnose and prescribe medication.

[continues 71 words]

45 US TX: PUB LTE: Show The WayTue, 28 Jan 1997
Source:Dallas Morning News (TX) Author:Jacoby, Bob Area:Texas Lines:24 Added:01/28/1997

Yes, most Americans including myself are firmly opposed to drug use. That is clear. The medical marijuana issue has simply brought forward the drug issue to the political forefront. If you want to enlighten the public, why not address the real issue: Is our current policy working? Most Americans I meet say no. But in the same voice, they don't know of an alternative. What an opportunity for you!

As a progressive national newspaper, shouldn't The Dallas Morning News in the spirit of its great tradition seek out the truth? Or are you too afraid of the truth and seek simple remedies by swallowing government doctrine fed to you? That doesn't sound like The Dallas Morning News I have come to respect.

BOB JACOBY, Addison

[end]

46 US: PUB LTE: Free Speech ThreatFri, 03 Jan 1997
Source:New York Times (NY) Author:Fuhrman, Rose Ann Area:United States Lines:30 Added:01/03/1997

Re "Doctors Given Federal Threat on Marijuana" (front page, Dec 31): Apparently California's Proposition 215, which legalizes marijuana for medical use, wasn't so badly written after all.

As its drafters knew, if doctors wrote a prescription for marijnuana they would be subject to Federal punishment--regardless of California law. That is why the proposition requires only a verbal or written recommendation from a doctor, not a prescription.

Those who are determined to circumvent the will of California voters are in a difficult position. They must admit defeat or declare war on the First Amendment. The Clinton Administration threatens to deprive doctors of the right to free speech. President Clinton's drug czar (an apt phrase) and Attorney General are threatening to punish doctors who give patients their honest opinion, if that honest opinion is that the herb cannabis (marijuana) may provide relief.

Rose Ann Fuhrman Santa Rosa, Calif

[end]

47 US TX: PUB LTE: Frank Rich Is RightThu, 30 Jan 1997
Source:Dallas Morning News (TX) Author:Goldmakher, Greg Area:Texas Lines:34 Added:01/30/1997

At the end of the column, Mr. Rich suggests that if we were to legalize and regulate marijuana, it would actually be harder for kids to get it than it is now. This is absolutely correct.

When I was in high school, about a decade ago, I knew exactly where to go if I had wanted to get pot. I could not, however, get alcohol, since Massachusetts (where I lived at the time) had a very strict enforcement of the drinking age. Illegal drug dealers have no incentive to ask customers for ID, but legitimate store owners do, for fear of losing their business.

[continues 100 words]

48 Canada: PUB LTE: You Can't Patent A PlantFri, 31 Jan 1997
Source:Cannabis Culture Author:Livermore, Arthur Area:Canada Lines:28 Added:01/31/1997

"The United States Patent Office is ready to grant patents for medicines, although it is an open question in professional ethics whether a physician should patent a remedy. Synthetic medicines, prepared by chemical processes, often coal tar products, are now invading the field of Nature's simples, and it is possible that there may yet be a number of patentable medical compounds invented, to replace quinine and other vegetable alkaloids and extracts."

It is interesting to note that 100 years later we have created a medical system that uses patent medicines almost exclusively. We are taught to take our medicine in pills instead of vegetable extracts. The law even prohibits the use of one vegetable alkaloid that was commonly used, namely cannabis.

Sincerely, Arthur Livermore

[end]

49 US WA: PUB LTE: Fighting Drugs: Grant Is Waste Of MoneyFri, 31 Jan 1997
Source:Herald, Everett (WA) Author:Marion, Michael Area:Washington Lines:45 Added:01/31/1997

It appears as though The Herald's editorial staff just fell off the turnip truck. Based upon the recent reports by the paper on this wonderful new method, it appears that it is nothing more than a rearranging of the deck chairs on the Titanic. There is nothing new here, just the same old failed policies of the past 30 years in a slightly altered form.

The item that jumps out at me is the spending breakdown: $2 million toward law enforcement and $1 million toward "prevention." If these numbers were reversed I would not be quite as critical of this "terrific" new plan, because such a scenario would truly be new and innovative. The prevention/treatment "specialists" mentioned in the editorial probably know better, but they also probably realize that they will have to cooperate with this breakdown or lose their funding -- and, subsequently, their jobs.

[continues 179 words]

50 US PA: PUB LTE: Drug War Causing Too Many ProblemsMon, 06 Jan 1997
Source:Philadelphia Inquirer (PA) Author:Rose, Gavin Area:Pennsylvania Lines:50 Added:01/61/1997

Upon closer inspection, it becomes evident that the war on drugs is actually the cause of most of our drug problems: gang violence, crime and corruption of police. In our experiment with alcohol prohibition, we thought we could eradicate drinking. But with more enforcement, we saw more profits and more viloence.

Time has shown that education and support groups are better at reducing alcohol abuse than incarceration. What parent, seeking a remedy for their son's drug problem, would call upon the services of say, Graterford prison. Yet the federal government has been such a parent.

[continues 231 words]


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