] Date: Mon, Jun 23, 1997 CANBERRA TIMES June 23 1997 p5 DAILY TELEGRAPH June 23 1997 p17 Buried in the plethora of articles on the tobacco industry settlement in the USA, is the claim from Australian researchers that international evidence clearly shows that needleexchange programs slow the spread of AIDS. A review of 214 studies on HIV prevalence in the United States, Europe, Asia and the South Pacific found that the infection increased more in cities which did not have needleexchange programs compared with those that did. The average annual change in numbers of people with HIV was 11 per cent lower in cities with programs allowing addicts to exchange used needles for clean ones. Deputy director of the National Centre in HIV Epidemiology and Clinical Research at the University of NSW, John Kaldor, and Susan Hurley, of the University of Melbourne's department of public health, said the difference was highly statistically significant. The view that these programs were not effective no longer seemed tenable, the researchers said in their report published in The Lancet.