Pubdate: Fri, 10 Nov 2017
Source: Los Angeles Times (CA)
Copyright: 2017 Los Angeles Times
Author: Jonathan Kaiman


In President Rodrigo Duterte's Philippines, the police, with his
explicit support, have killed thousands of alleged drug dealers and
users without due process, some while they were in jail, or asleep, or
at home with their families. They allegedly shot a 17-year-old while
he was in custody, then dumped his remains in an alley. The youngest
victim was 4.

Human rights groups, the U.S. Congress, the European Union and the
United Nations have all condemned Duterte's "war on drugs." Yet when
President Trump meets Duterte in Manila, it probably won't enter the

The two leaders will hold talks at the Assn. of Southeast Asian
Nations summit on Monday in Manila, marking the last leg of Trump's
five-country Asian tour, which has also included stops in Japan, South
Korea, China and Vietnam. There are no signs that he will press
Duterte on the killings -- the White House, in advance of the trip,
said Trump enjoys a "warm rapport" with the Philippine leader.
Duterte, analysts say, is probably delighted.

Duterte was in Vietnam on Friday along with Trump and other regional
leaders for the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation summit, where
Duterte made news after saying he killed someone when he was as young
as 16. He had previously bragged about killing suspected criminals in
Davao, where he had served as mayor.

"When I was a teenager, I would go in and out of jail," Duterte said
Friday in Da Nang, Vietnam. "I'd have rumbles here, rumbles there. At
the age of 16, I already killed someone -- a real person, a rumble, a
stabbing. I was just 16 years old. It was just over a look. How much
more now that I am president?"

There was no immediate reaction from the White House to this latest

"Duterte is tough-talking, but he's actually notably thin-skinned,"
said Phelim Kine, a deputy director in Human Rights Watch's Asia
Division. "When he's criticized, he lashes out. So what he's looking
for, and what he hopes for from Trump, is someone who won't talk about
his human rights record, and will give him very much what he desires
- -- which is international acceptance and recognition, what he's been
denied since he took office because of his bloody drug war."

Trump and Duterte will discuss "trade and investment, innovation,
addressing cybercrime, countering radicalization, humanitarian
assistance and disaster relief, protection and promotion of rights for
migrant workers," Robespierre Bolivar, spokesman for the Philippine
foreign ministry, said on Friday. They will be joined by U.N.
Secretary-General Antonio Guterres and Donald Tusk, president of the
European Council, as well as Russian Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev.

Trump has shown no interest in criticizing the drug war -- in an April
phone call with Duterte, he reportedly congratulated him for doing an
"unbelievable job on the drug problem." Yet Duterte still cautioned
Trump against bringing it up. "You want to ask a question, I'll give
you an answer," he told reporters on Wednesday. "Lay off. That is not
your business. That is my business. I take care of my country, and I
will nurture my country to health."

"This is about developing a strongman populist internationale --
there's a solidarity between Trump and all the strongmen around the
world," said Richard Javad Heydarian, the Manila-based author of "The
Rise of Duterte." "Trump was absolutely out of place in [the North
Atlantic Treaty Organization], very much isolated among Western
allies. He feels at home with people like Duterte, and he loves it.
And he knows that Duterte is very popular, not only in the
Philippines, but also across the region."

Duterte, known for his profane rhetoric, has struck a more sinister
tone with established critics. He said on Wednesday that if Agnes
Callamard, the U.N. special rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary or
arbitrary executions, investigates him for the killings, "I will slap
her in front of you. Why? Because you are insulting me."

Despite Duterte's tough talk, he faces serious headwinds at home --
including dwindling domestic support for his campaign. In August,
after police killed 17-year-old drug suspect Kian Loyd Delos Santos,
they said he drew a gun, forcing them to fire; yet witness accounts
and surveillance footage suggested that the teenager was shot while
unarmed, in police custody.

The body of another teenager, 14-year-old Reynaldo de Guzman, was
found in early September, riddled with stab wounds, his head wrapped
in packing tape. The last time he'd been seen, 20 days prior, he was
with a 19-year-old friend who was also killed by police.

Duterte cast De Guzman's death as a conspiracy intended to "sabotage"
the police. Still, his approval ratings plummeted -- the Manila
research institution Social Weather Stations in October put his net
satisfaction rating at 48%, down 18 points from June.

Two U.S. congressmen -- Randy Hultgren (R-Ill.) and Jim McGovern
(D-Mass.), co-chairs of the House Human Rights Commission -- have
urged Trump to raise human rights concerns with the Philippine leader.
Trump should "reaffirm the US' commitments to fundamental human
rights, including due process, and the rule of law," the two wrote.
(Duterte, in response, threatened to ban the two congressmen from
coming to Manila.)

Trump and Duterte are more likely to discuss a battle between
Philippine government forces and Islamic State militants in the
southern city of Marawi, which ended in September after five months of
grinding urban warfare. They may also discuss the South China Sea,
where the Philippines has become a central player in resisting China's
increasingly assertive territorial claims.

"Obviously, Trump has made human rights a low priority," said Joshua
Kurlantzick, senior fellow for Southeast Asia at the Council on
Foreign Relations. "But this is also about Duterte recognizing he
needs certain things from the U.S."

Experts say Duterte, despite his harsh words toward Washington, hasn't
significantly altered the underpinnings of the U.S.-Philippine
alliance, which dates back more than six decades.

"I think it's still worth watching the extent to which the Philippines
does continue to increase Chinese economic and security assistance,"
said Andrew Shearer, a senior advisor at the Center for Strategic and
International Studies in Washington. "But so far the only practical
Chinese security assistance has been a lot of second-hand assault
rifles, which the Philippine military doesn't even want."

"Then you stack up on the other side of the ledger, the support that
comes from the U.S. -- like Coast Guard vessels, much more modern
equipment, and beyond that, the training, and behind the scenes
assistance with intelligence," he continued. "And of course, most
dramatically, the U.S. support once things blew up in Marawi -- that,
I think, came along at the perfect time to remind Duterte and the
Philippines more generally that the U.S. is an indispensable security

Duterte, stung by U.S. criticisms of his drug war -- and enticed by
offers of Chinese investment and aid -- has signaled a shift away from
Washington and toward Beijing. He has struck a far more conciliatory
tone toward China than his predecessor, Benigno Aquino III. In August,
the Philippines did not challenge Chinese boats operating near an
island in the heart of disputed territory. "Why should I defend a
sandbar and kill the Filipinos because of a sandbar?" Duterte said at
the time.

Duterte told reporters on Wednesday that he would ask Chinese
President Xi Jinping about South China Sea issues. "You want to
control the passage, or do we have free passage?" he said. Yet
Philippine Trade Secretary Ramon Lopez told Bloomberg that Duterte and
Xi have a "very strong, close relationship, like brothers," suggesting
he will not broach the subject with force.
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MAP posted-by: Matt