Pubdate: Sat, 23 Sep 2017
Source: Hillsboro Argus, The (OR)
Copyright: 2017 The Hillsboro Argus
Author: Brad Schmidt


State regulators allowed a Portland man to have a childcare business
in his home while owning a storefront dispensary selling marijuana.

Those potentially dueling interests didn't surface until this summer,
after two childcare employees quit and contacted the state. They
accused the day care owner, Samuel Watson, of keeping large amounts of
marijuana inside his Alameda home and said he was putting children at
risk. Watson categorically denies the allegations, and state officials
have not found him at fault.

Without key employees, Watson in June was forced to shut down his
in-home day care and a second location in Concordia.

Now, Watson's girlfriend is trying to reopen the Concordia day care,
in the same location, with a new name. And Watson is trying to open a
new state-licensed marijuana shop in the North Portland storefront he
previously used for medical marijuana. His girlfriend boasts on social
media that she is a "proud co-owner" of the recreational cannabis shop.

The case highlights a loophole in Oregon's attempt to separate the
burgeoning marijuana industry from day cares that watch over children.

In 2015, state regulators forced licensed childcare providers to make
a choice: profit from pot or kids, not both. New rules prohibited
anyone who applies for a childcare license from growing or
distributing marijuana, either at the day care or elsewhere.

But the state defines a license holder as the "children's primary
caregiver." That leaves room for a hands-off day care owner, such as
Watson, to keep selling pot.

State officials say other rules take care of potential problems. No
one can grow or distribute marijuana inside a day care, no adults can
smoke cannabis with children present, and adults must store marijuana
for personal use under lock and key.

Some parents, however, say that letting a cannabis entrepreneur live
in a day care facility raises the risk children will be exposed.

"The licensing requirements need to change," said Emily Hensley, who
sent her infant daughter to Watson's Concordia day care. Hensley filed
a small claim against Watson seeking $1,100 in reimbursement for
tuition and alternative childcare.

"People who want to be in the business of childcare should not be in
the business of marijuana," Hensley said. "Those things do not mix

Others don't want to rush to judgment.

Anthony Taylor, president of Compassionate Oregon, which advocates for
medical cannabis patients, said state marijuana rules already offer
adequate protections at day cares. Preventing pot entrepreneurs from
owning a childcare business could be discriminatory, he said.

"It makes no difference that he owns a dispensary," Taylor said. "It's
a red herring."

It's not clear how many day care owners in Oregon also have a
financial stake in marijuana, because the Office of Child Care, the
state regulator, doesn't ask for that information. Nor does the agency
review publicly available marijuana ownership records to identify matches.

"With the legalization of medical and recreational marijuana by the
voters of Oregon, it is important for all levels of Oregon's
government to review existing rules, statutes and policies and update
them as needed," Dawn Woods, the state's childcare director, told The
Oregonian/OregonLive in response to written questions.

Dr. Zane Horowitz, medical director of the Oregon Poison Center, said
marijuana extracts and edibles pose the greatest risk of harming
children when ingested.

"Would eating the leaf marijuana product, for a bite or two, cause
significant or really any health risks?" he said. "It's probably unlikely."

Allegations against Watson's day care, called Step by Step, ultimately
ended up with Oregon's Department of Human Services. The agency
conducted an "assessment" that remains in process, according to an
agency spokeswoman, who declined to release any other

On Friday, Watson provided The Oregonian/OregonLive with what appeared
to be a voicemail from an agency investigator. She said she planned to
close the case as "unfounded." She added that she had "some concerns,"
but that it didn't sound like children were exposed, "if the
conditions were, in fact, present in the home."

The day care providers who worked for Watson, Shai King and Bre
Murphy, had told regulators they quit because they could no longer
ensure the safety of children. They had to clean up "marijuana residue
and crumbs" left from weekends and evenings, they wrote.

"We have reason to believe large quantities were stored in the
residence," King and Murphy told the Office of Child Care in a June 21

Watson, in an interview with The Oregonian/OregonLive, denied the
allegations, stating that "every single accusation is completely
false." Watson said the safety of kids was of the utmost importance at
his day cares.

Watson said he believes his former employees were disgruntled. They
had learned, he said, that he planned to replace Murphy.

"And then every single thing that they could make up about my
business, and cannabis being related to it, has been made up," he said.

Watson, 33, was never the typical day care owner.

Watson's mother, Leslie, started Step by Step in 2003 in the home
where Watson grew up. When she died in 2011, Watson became the owner
and hired others to run it.

The day care netted about $12,000 a month, or $144,000 a year,
according to an April 2012 prenuptial agreement between Watson and
Erika Yoshida filed in Multnomah County Circuit Court. Watson said
those figures were incorrect.

"I wish that it netted that much," he said.

Watson said he wasn't overly excited about the business and kept it
open to honor his mom. His passion, he said, was marijuana.

Oregon voters authorized medical marijuana in 1998, and lawmakers in
2012 blessed its distribution at storefront dispensaries. Voters in
November 2014 legalized cannabis use for everyone.

Watson won state approval to open GreenSky Collective that month,
according to Jonathan Modie, an Oregon Health Authority spokesman.
Watson was listed as the sole owner of the medical marijuana
dispensary, on North Interstate Avenue. GreenSky later received
temporary permission to sell recreational cannabis.

Watson's then-wife also ventured into the industry, although Yoshida
didn't have an ownership stake in Watson's marijuana or childcare
companies. Erika Yoshida, the daughter of teriyaki sauce magnate Junki
Yoshida, brokered real estate deals for pot businesses, according to
media reports. In fall 2015, Willamette Week dubbed Watson and Yoshida
the "Power Couple" of pot in an edition about marijuana

But by early 2016, Watson and Yoshida had separated, according to
Yoshida's divorce filing. Watson moved into his boyhood home in
Alameda, where the day care was still running.

Problems soon followed, according to King, who worked for Watson
starting in 2012.

In an interview with The Oregonian/OregonLive, King said she saw
Watson store marijuana at the house last year in large plastic tubs
kept upstairs, where children were not allowed. The bins did not have
special locks, she said.

Watson said he "absolutely did not store any cannabis in that

King said she witnessed him open a bin and scoop out some pot. King
said she told Watson she wanted to buy marijuana from his dispensary.
"He's like 'Oh, no, I'll get you it for free. Just come up,'" she told
The Oregonian/OregonLive.

King said Watson gave her the marijuana after the day care closed for
the evening. She said she didn't pay Watson for the pot.

Watson called her account "completely false."

King, who later secured a $2,457 judgment against Watson for back
wages, said she also saw Watson smoke marijuana in his home. She said
Watson smoked pot upstairs, during business hours, when kids were in
the home.

Watson denied smoking marijuana when children were in his home.
"Absolutely not," he said.

King said she and other employees found marijuana remnants in areas
accessible to children, such as small tables used by pre-school-aged

"When I started finding it downstairs, on the main level where kids
are, I was like, 'This is becoming an issue,'" King said. "And we
talked about it. And he said he wouldn't be as, like, careless. But it
kept happening."

Watson said there was "no way" marijuana remnants could be

"I don't keep cannabis inside of my house," he said. "The businesses
are completely separate."

King also said she once saw an unlocked handgun on Watson's night
stand at his Alameda home.

Watson acknowledged owning a handgun. But he said it's stored in a
locked safe at his father's house.


Medical dispensaries were allowed to sell recreational marijuana only
through the end of 2016. Watson said he shut down at the beginning of

He then took steps to expand his day care business.

Watson tapped King to oversee a new Concordia childcare location in
February. Her name was on the license.

King told The Oregonian/OregonLive she had other concerns beyond
marijuana. King said employees' paychecks occasionally bounced and the
company didn't always provide adequate food to feed children. At the
Concordia location, she said, the water got shut off. The Portland
Water Bureau confirmed a shut off and reconnection on April 19.

As the primary provider at the Concordia location, King was the one
who the state would hold accountable, she said.

"It was very stressful," said King, 24.

Watson acknowledged financial challenges. He blamed some of the issues
King raised, such as food shortages and utility shut offs, on poor
management by his employees.

"There's probably been a handful of times in which paychecks bounced,"
he said. "That was probably the biggest thing that I can say I could
have done better is manage the finances a little better."

On June 20, King and Murphy contacted the state to voluntarily close
the two childcare locations.

"I think I did the best I could," King told The Oregonian/OregonLive.
"I cleaned up his mess, basically. I probably should have reported it

In reality, the Office of Child Care had known that Step by Step's
owner was in the marijuana business for ten months but sat on the

In October 2016, a tipster had called the licensing agency to allege
that children were left unsupervised at the Alameda day care during
lunch. Woods, the agency director, said her office investigated but
was unable to substantiate the allegation.

But the tipster also told the agency about Watson's marijuana business
and provided its name and location, according to documents obtained by
The Oregonian/OregonLive through a public records request. It was
still operating at the time.

That information, manually entered into the state's childcare
database, apparently set off no alarms.

Woods said regulators didn't take note of Watson's marijuana business
until August, two months after King and Murphy wrote their email.
Woods said her agency learned about Watson's business after contacting
the Oregon Liquor Control Commission.

State regulators are now deciding whether businesses owned or linked
to Watson and his girlfriend, Ava "Nusheen" Bakhtiar, should qualify
for new marijuana and childcare licenses.

Watson asked the state liquor commission to license his old
dispensary, GreenSky Collective, to sell recreational marijuana.
Watson is the only listed owner, according to Mark Pettinger, a liquor
commission spokesman.

Watson also registered a new business at the same address called
Jeffrey's Flower & Oil, according to filings with the Secretary of
State's Office. The Jeffrey's logo now dots storefront windows and the
side of the building. Watson said he is considering using Jeffrey's as
the assumed business name for GreenSky Collective.

Watson's girlfriend portrays herself as a business partner in his
marijuana shop. On her Instagram profile page, Bakhtiar calls herself
a "Proud co-owner of Jeffrey's, a North Portland Dispensary." She
wrote in June that she "partnered" with Watson to open Jeffrey's.

Watson told The Oregonian/OregonLive that Bakhtiar is not an owner of
Jeffrey's and that her social media writings overstated her position.

In an email, Bakhtiar said she regularly uses Instagram to convey "a
sense of ownership for every company I work for," adding that doing so
helps promote brands and generate sales.

The liquor commission has reviewed Watson's application to open a
dispensary, but it is incomplete, the agency said.

Meanwhile, the Office of Child Care is considering an application
involving Bakhtiar to open a new day care at Watson's old Concordia
location. It's likely to be approved following a state inspection,
according the agency.

Only Bakhtiar is listed as owner, the agency said.

But in records filed with the Secretary of State on July 26, Watson
and Bakhtiar are both listed as owners of the new day care business,
known as Luna Mamas. Watson said he is working with the Secretary of
State to have his name removed as an owner.

"I don't want to be involved in any of the day care, because of all of
this," Watson said. "I can't afford to have this ever happen again."

Nine families have filed small claims against Watson and Step by Step
this summer, seeking more than $9,300 in total. One of the parents,
Jenny Cole, has filed a $500,000 lawsuit claiming negligence and
alleging marijuana possession and use in the home. The lawsuit names
Watson, Step by Step, Bakhtiar and Erika Yoshida as defendants.
Yoshida declined to comment.

Parents contacted by The Oregonian/OregonLive generally said they
didn't have any problems with Step by Step until learning about the
concerns that the staff raised this summer.

Mandy Williams, who sent her youngest daughter to Watson's day care,
said the state needs to prohibit marijuana entrepreneurs from owning
day cares inside their homes. Absent a change in state rules, Williams
said, Oregon should force day care owners to disclose their marijuana
interests to parents.

"There's nothing more precious than your child, and placing them in
someone else's care is difficult," said Williams, who is among the
parents seeking money from Watson. "This is another piece of
information we should have access to prior to making the decision."

Bakhtiar, who is trying to get her day care licensed, told The
Oregonian/OregonLive it is discriminatory and hurtful to question if a
marijuana entrepreneur can also own a childcare business.

In a state where marijuana use is as accepted as social drinking,
Bakhtiar, 28, proudly shares her interests in cannabis online. An
Instagram comment from January expressed her gratitude after finding
work at a marijuana laboratory.

"A wise soul recently told me that I need to allow my lifestyle to
dictate my career and not the other way around," she wrote. "I'm lucky
that I found a home in the cannabis industry -- I couldn't think of a
better marriage between lifestyle and career."
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