Pubdate: Wed, 28 Dec 2016
Source: Lethbridge Herald (CN AB)
Copyright: 2016 The Lethbridge Herald
Author: Bill Graveland
Page: A1


'It just shocks me,' says Calgary police chief

Calgary's police chief says the Alberta government has to take more
aggressive action on fentanyl if it wants to help addicts and families
who are being destroyed. "It is a crisis," said Calgary Police Chief
Roger Chaffin in an interview with The Canadian Press.

"Look at the numbers of deaths. Numbers of homicides and traffic
fatalities don't come anywhere near the deaths associated with these

In the first 10 months of 2016, 338 Albertans died from opioid-related
overdoses, with fentanyl linked to 193 of those deaths.

"People are going to keep arguing about whether this is a crisis or
not. It just shocks me," Chaffin said. "We're wasting all our energy
arguing about whether this should be called a public health crisis or
not. Spend your energy fixing the problem."

Chaffin said there is a huge demand for highly addictive opioids such
as fentanyl - a drug used as a painkiller for terminally ill cancer
patients and 100 times more powerful than heroin - or its more
powerful cousin carfentanyl. Reducing the supply increases the price
and makes its users more desperate, he said.

"We can take off dealers until we're blue in the face and we do," he
said. "We exhaust a lot of time looking for supplies of these drugs
. but, until you deal with the demand side, until you help
communities recover from that, we'll be chasing it for a long time and
see a lot more tragedies before we see any change in the game."
Chaffin wants the government to come up with a broader strategy beyond
providing the opioid antidote naloxone and creating safe injection

"We need to get these people out of the lifestyle they're in and get
them into more healthy lifestyles, improve their families, improve
their wellness in this community and change the quality of life in
Calgary. That won't happen by oneoff programs or relying on the police
to arrest dealers," he said.

"If I get hold of you as an addict and you want to get help and I tell
you to come back in 30 days because there's no treatment facilities -
addicts don't come back in 30 days.

"They're not going to think that way."

Rosalind Davis watched her partner, Nathan Huggins-Rosenthal, develop
an opioid addiction after a back injury. His doctor referred him to an
outpatient program.

"At that time I don't think his addiction was that bad, he was still
functioning but we waited four months for him to be admitted into that
program and during that interval, his addiction went from bad to
unmanageable and he found his way to illicit fentanyl," she said.

"At that time, I do believe that it was manageable. I do believe we
would have been OK."

Huggins-Rosenthal died of an overdose in February.

Davis is disappointed with the Alberta NDP government's approach on

"They're the self-proclaimed compassionate government and really we're
just seeing no changes in terms of how addiction treatment is being

Alberta's associate health minister said the government is working on
the problem, but it can't solve it overnight.

"I really wish that there was a quick fix for this, but unfortunately
there just isn't. I think a key thing for us to do is to continue to
expand access to opioid replacement therapy as well as other treatment
models so that people are able to get the treatment that they need,"
said Brandy Payne.

"We also know that not everyone is ready for treatment and moving
forward on harm reduction is critical so that we are able to help
people stay alive another day."

Calgary's Alberta Adolescent Recovery Centre offers an eight-to12
month program for up to 30 addicted kids between the ages of 13 and
21, but its founder says there are many more who require treatment.

"It's Russian roulette with these kids," said executive director Dean

"It's powerful and it's killing them. It is the most painful, most
horrible part of my career - dealing with a parent who has lost a kid
to this ugly illness. The gravity of it is, some people are going to
die from this. It's out there and it's real."

Alberta's Liberal leader, who co-chaired a government review on mental
health services, said addiction needs to be dealt with

"What we have is a government that's in denial," said David

"We now have between 40,000 and 60,000 addicts in the province and
we're only managing about 2,000 to 3,000 in our clinics."

Swann said Alberta spends just six per cent of its health budget on
mental health and addiction, but many suffer from both. He said
waiting up to six weeks for treatment is unacceptable.

"Once an addict decides to get care, they have to get in promptly -
not four to six weeks after they're ready. They could be worse off or
dead in four to six weeks," Swann said.

"For some reason the government either doesn't have the resources to
step it up or the political will."
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