Pubdate: Wed, 30 Nov 2016
Source: Saanich News (CN BC)
Copyright: 2016 Saanich News
Author: Andrew Weaver


On April 14, 2016 the B.C. Ministry of Health announced the number of
drug-related overdoses in the province had become a public health
emergency, citing 474 preventable overdose deaths in British Columbia
in 2015.

In the six months that followed, they collected more data about
overdoses (both fatal and non-fatal) and tried to proactively warn
people about risks. During that same period, hundreds more died of
illicit drug overdoses - 622 in the first 10 months of 2016, with at
least 60 per cent of those directly linked to fentanyl.

It is tragically clear that this response has been insufficient and
ineffective. In my next MLA Report I'd like to detail some of the
recommendations made by the UVic Centre for Addictions Research of
B.C. on how the province can better respond to this crisis.

But to start, I think it is important to highlight the local resources
available to support drug users and their loved ones, and what to do
if someone is overdosing. I would like to extend my most sincere
gratitude to those constituents who have reached out to teach me about
this emergency and share memories of their loved ones who have been
lost to this tragic epidemic. Fentanyl-related overdoses are happening
all over the province, and our riding is no exception.

Fentanyl is a synthetic opioid that is cheap and can be cut into other
drugs like cocaine, crack, MDMA (ecstasy), crystal meth, heroin, fake
oxy, and fake Percocet without the user knowing. Fentanyl is 50 to 100
times more toxic than morphine, making it horribly easy to
accidentally overdose on. Carfentanil, recently detected in Vancouver,
is 100 times more potent than fentanyl and can be fatal to humans in
20 microgram doses - smaller than a grain of salt.

Opioid overdose symptoms include: the person not being able to stay
awake, talk or walk; slow or no pulse; slow or no breathing; gurgling;
skin looks pale or blue and feels cold; pupils are pinned or eyes
rolled back; the person could be vomiting and their body may be limp.

Naloxone, a medication that can reverse the effects of an opioid
overdose when injected into an arm, buttocks or thigh muscle, can
reverse slowed breathing in one to five minutes. It is now widely
available without a prescription around the province and is credited
with saving countless lives. In most naloxone kits there is also a
face shield that can be used for administering rescue breathing (as in

If someone is experiencing an opioid overdose you should: stimulate
the person to see if they are unresponsive; call 911 and tell them if
the person is not breathing; clear the person's airway and provide
rescue breathing (one breath every five seconds). Use one injection of
naloxone if it is available, monitoring the person to see if they will
need another dose. Be aware that an overdose can return and additional
naloxone may be necessary. When paramedics arrive tell them as much as
you can about the drugs used and doses.

Training and naloxone kits are available across B.C. To find a site
near you, visit Toward the Heart at
or call 811 any time day or night. In the Oak Bay - Gordon Head riding
kits are available at some pharmacies and: Royal Jubilee Hospital
Prescriptions (DT 1200 - 1952 Bay St.), Royal Jubilee Hospital -
Emergency Department (1952 Bay St.), and Victoria Mental Health Centre
(2328 Trent St.).

For substance user services and support call Island Health at
250-213-4444 or the 24-hour crisis line at 1-888-494-3888.

Andrew Weaver is the MLA for Oak Bay - Gordon Head.
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