Pubdate: Sat, 7 Aug 2010
Source: San Francisco Chronicle (CA)
Page: A - 1, Front Page
Copyright: 2010 Hearst Communications Inc.
Author: Matthai Kuruvila, Chronicle Staff Writer
Cited: Proposition 19
Bookmark: (Cannabis - California)
Bookmark: (Marijuana - Medicinal)


Cementing its position as a cannabis capital, Oakland has moved 
rapidly in recent weeks toward a world of legalized pot, developing 
permits for what would be some of the largest sanctioned marijuana 
farms in the world and writing ballot measures that would create a 
bevy of cannabis taxes.

But at every step, notable opposition came from one group: Harborside 
Health Center, believed to be the world's largest medical marijuana dispensary.

Harborside says it was fighting for the product's integrity, 
preserving the vision of state voters when they legalized pot as 
medicine in 1996. But some saw it as simply a business move for a 
dispensary that's become a colossus in an industry that hasn't 
totally moved out of the black market.

"Really, they're just wanting to protect their market share," said 
Indigo Moonstar, 28, who said he operates a small marijuana grow 
facility in Oakland and has criticized Harborside at City Council 
meetings. "They've had a corner on the market."

Marijuana might be mainstream, and its recreational use might become 
legal in California if voters pass Proposition 19 in the November 
election. But the profound changes also raise complex issues that 
industries of the purely legal kind have long wrestled with and 
complained about: the burdens of taxation, regulation and competition.

If recent Oakland City Council meetings about marijuana were any 
indication, not everyone is ready for the government to move in.

Harborside unsuccessfully lobbied against the council's November 
ballot measure to increase the city's existing 1.8 percent tax on pot 
dispensaries' gross sales to 5 percent. They said the higher 
operating cost would drive patients to neighboring cities with lower 
or no taxes.

Harborside also lost its fight against industrial farms, in which it 
said inevitable corporate ownership and profit-seeking would 
deteriorate the quality of the medicine.

Harborside's activism is applied to a hodgepodge of pot laws. While 
federal law bans all marijuana use, state law allows dispensaries to 
sell to patients who have doctors' recommendations. Large-scale 
growing is largely illicit, a gap the Oakland City Council last month 
sought to close by developing regulations and licensing.

At the center of it all is Harborside's leader, Stephen DeAngelo, who 
wants full legalization but is wary of government overreaching. He 
said the recent political battles are about more than just Oakland.

"What we've seen is that Oakland is the leader in cannabis 
regulation," said DeAngelo. "Once Oakland takes a step, typically 
it's followed by other cities across the state."

$21 Million in Sales

Harborside might be the world's biggest dispensary, but its central 
Oakland building has no storefront sign. It doesn't need one.

The 4-year-old dispensary has 54,000 members, 800 of whom come every 
day. It took in $21 million in sales last year - triple what 
Oakland's three other dispensaries generated combined. It buys from 
roughly 500 marijuana growers - rejecting 4,500 other farmers annually.

Its network of growers and patients depends on it, giving Harborside 
unique clout, from seed to sale.

DeAngelo says his dispensary has thrived because of quality. He 
prides himself on the knowledge of his staff, cleanliness, strict 
security and natural light in every room. Concerned that patients 
couldn't know for sure the purity or potency of their pot, Harborside 
says it was the first in the state to give patients independent lab 
tests on their products.

DeAngelo says Harborside operates like a nonprofit. Employees get at 
least $14 an hour plus health benefits, a 401k plan and a free gram 
of pot per shift.

Roughly 5 percent of Harborside's revenues are "given back" to the 
community through services it provides for free, DeAngelo said. That 
includes things like naturopathy, Reiki and acupuncture. Those who 
are poor, or perform marijuana activism, can get free pot.

Success and Skepticism

Critics don't dispute Harborside's good work or the quality standards 
it has set. They just question its control of the market.

When Harborside claimed that Oakland's proposed cannabis taxes would 
hamstring the local pot industry, council members asked for 
Harborside executives' salaries. They refused, though actual 
nonprofits are required to disclose.

In the past, Harborside fought increasing the number of dispensaries 
in Oakland, which has just four. More recently, the dispensary said 
industrial farms would squeeze out small growers - it enlisted its 
small army of growers to lobby the council.

Some saw hypocrisy in a dispensary giant that fought to expand 
competition now saying it is the voice of small farmers against big ones.

"They're totally two-faced on this," said Richard Lee, founder of 
Oaksterdam University and the key backer of Proposition 19, which 
would legalize recreational use of marijuana in California.

"For the last four years, it's just fine to have the world's biggest 
dispensary," said Lee, who owns a dispensary, Coffeeshop Blue Sky. 
"Now, when (large-scale farming) comes up, all the arguments against 
it apply to them."

A True Believer

DeAngelo said his dispensary fought industrial farms because small 
growers were "the heart" of Harborside, which now plans to apply for 
an industrial permit by pairing with those small growers. Some 
accusations, he said, are born of jealousy.

"You always hear from people who haven't been able to replicate your 
success," he said.

DeAngelo is a true believer in medical marijuana - viewing it as 
entirely distinct from recreational use. He estimates that only 10 to 
15 percent of the population might be into the drug for fun.

"Everybody gets sick at some point in time," DeAngelo said, 
explaining why he believes in full legalization. "It's destined to be 
a household remedy."

He says the fights at the council were critical for the emergent industry.

"Society has a chance to get it right this time," he said. "We didn't 
get it right with tobacco. We didn't get it right with alcohol. We 
put those potentially dangerous substances in the hands of 
corporations who had no interest other than making as much money as possible.

"Do we want those kinds of companies getting their hands on cannabis?"
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MAP posted-by: Richard Lake