Pubdate: Wed, 23 Jun 2004
Source: BBC News (UK Web)
Copyright: 2004 BBC
Bookmark: (Peru)
Bookmark: (Peruvian Aircraft Shooting)
Bookmark: (Cocaine)
Bookmark: (Colombia)


Brazil is close to adopting a plan to shoot down aircraft suspected of
carrying narcotics over the Amazon jungle, the government has said.

Colombia and Peru called a halt to the controversial practice in 2001
after the Peruvian air force mistakenly shot down a plane carrying

But experts say cocaine smugglers are violating Brazilian airspace to
reach regional cities and markets abroad.

Brasilia and Washington may share information to combat drug

Series of safeguards

"It is the kind of measure one hopes never to have to enforce," said
Defence Minister Jose Viegas, according to the O Globo news website.

He said Brazil was in the "final phase" of enacting the law, which
includes a series of measures that hostile planes would have to ignore
before authorities could open fire.

They include failure to respond to communications, commands to land,
or warning shots.

"In the event of a systematic and successive refusal to comply with
these eight or nine procedures, while flying outside standard
commercial routes and far from populated areas, the aircraft would be
considered hostile and it will be shot down," said Mr Viegas.

He said he hoped the decree enacting the law - approved in outline by
Congress in 1998 - would be signed by the president by the end of the

Mid-air provocation

Officials have complained that traffickers constantly fly drugs into
Brazilian airspace from Peru and Colombia.

Last year, the Brazilian air force videotaped the pilot of a suspected
drug plane in mid-air making obscene and provocative gestures,
complacent in the knowledge he could not be shot down, reported the
Financial Times newspaper.

Brazil's cities are plagued by violence, fuelled by a booming trade in
cheap smuggled cocaine. Brazil, though not a large drug producer
itself, is also a major transhipment point for cocaine headed mostly
to Europe.

Brazilian officials have been negotiating the terms of the law with
Washington with an eye to agreeing an information-sharing deal to
track suspected planes.

Washington is cautious of endorsing such laws without stringent
safeguards, after it received a share of the blame for the 2001
accident in Peru, in which a missionary and her infant child were killed.

Colombia resumed shooting down suspected drug trafficking planes in
2003 and has shot down almost a dozen planes this year alone with
intelligence assistance from Washington, AP news agency reported.

Peru is seeking to restart the policy.
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MAP posted-by: Larry Seguin