Pubdate: Wed, 07 Jun 2000
Source: MoJo Wire (US Web)
Copyright: 2000 Foundation for National Progress
Contact:  731 Market Street, Suite 600, San Francisco, CA 94103
Fax: (415) 665-6696
Author: David Holthouse


In A Sleazy Mexican Border Town, Some Would-Be Illegal Immigrants Get Turned
Back, Then Turn To Crack.

AGUA PRIETA, Mexico -- Six months ago, when Xavier first arrived in Agua
Prieta, he would spend his days sitting on a corner, four blocks from the
border fence, plotting a new way to sneak into the United States.

Now he sits on the same corner, plotting a new way to score crack.

"God is not with me anymore," he says. "I am all alone."

Xavier may be alone in spirit, but he has plenty of physical company among
the growing legions of migrant Mexicans who travel thousands of kilometers
to this border city in hope of becoming illegal workers in the US -- where
many instead wind up destitute and drug-addicted.

"Agua Prieta is now the No. 1 city in Mexico for drugs," says the city's
mayor, Vicente Teran Uribe. (US Drug Enforcement Administration officials
might justifiably wonder whether Teran Uribe is speaking out of indignation
or pride. When he was elected mayor in 1997, Teran Uribe was on the DEA's
list of the top 20 narcotics traffickers in Mexico. The mayor denies any
involvement in the drug trade.)

"There is drug business in any border town," Teran Uribe adds, "but the
problem of the undocumented people has made the flow of drugs here a flood."

There are no official figures on the number of drug addicts in Agua Prieta,
population 220,000, just as there are no official numbers on how many
thousands of new, would-be immigrants arrive each week to this primary point
of entry for Mexicans eager to tap into America's booming economy.  The
Border Patrol apprehends an average of 1,000 illegals a day in this area.

Most of those who come from the south eventually make it into the United
States, but of those who don't, the would-be immigrants turned crackheads
are the most pitiable failures. Gaunt, grimy and gap-toothed, they gather in
the corners of rubbled, vacant lots and within the concrete skeletons of the
dozens of cheap hotels under construction.

Xavier, 22, left his mother, his wife and his 3-year-old son behind in a
Mexico City slum when he took a one-way bus ride to Agua Prieta in
September. His plan was to somehow get into the US, make his way to Phoenix,
get a job, send most of the money he earned back home, then return to his
family after a year, maybe two.

His plan was flawed, though, and his luck was bad. He didn't have the $400
that human-smugglers demand for guaranteed passage to Phoenix, and he didn't
know anyone in the US who could pay his debt for him with a wire transfer
upon his arrival in Phoenix. So he kept trying to cross the desert himself,
and he kept getting caught.

The first time, Border Patrol agents found him cowering in a ditch, alone, a
few feet inside the US. Two nights later, he took a more roundabout route
with a group he met. They walked many miles in the dark;  Xavier had no idea
whether they were in Mexico or the US until he was caught in the lights of a
Border Patrol agent's off-road truck.

The next morning, after he'd been processed, loaded on a bus and dumped back
in Agua Prieta, Xavier spent 400 of the last 1,000 pesos in his meager
travel fund on a gallon of water and his first hit of crack. He'd been told
it would keep him from getting hungry, kill the boredom of waiting and give
him courage and energy for his long, hazardous trek.

He'd been told wrong.

The courage and energy wore off after an hour or two, leaving him listless,
with hours to go before sunset. So he bought more crack and saved it to
smoke along the way, so he was high as the moon when the Border Patrol
pulled him out of the scrub brush and sent him back to Mexico a third time.

It's been two months since Xavier last heard his son's voice, and two weeks
since his last shower. He's wearing the same clothes he had on when he
stepped off the bus in September: blue jeans, a Dallas Cowboys stocking cap,
and a ski vest torn by a hundred branches, layered over a yellow tee shirt
with a big red heart that says "Hollywood is for Lovers."

Xavier smokes as much crack as he can, now, supporting his habit by guiding
newly-arrived migrants to crack dens in downtown Agua Prieta.

"Mucho roca acqui," he says -- there's a lot of rock here.

And it's cheap. A small piece of crack -- good for about three hits, each of
those good for a 20-minute high -- costs Xavier 300 pesos, or about $3.50,
less than half the price of the drug in Phoenix. 

Xavier buys most of his crack from the dealers who shoot pool in a crowded
bar called "La Roca": The Rock. There's a hotel next door with lookouts on
the balcony and an Agua Prieta cop in uniform working the front desk.

Xavier claims powder cocaine is cooked down to its more potent rock form in
rooms at the hotel, where men with whores by their sides and pistols in
their belts keep outsiders off the second floor. On the street at night,
sharply dressed dealers hang out beside gold-rimmed cars with booming stereo
systems, openly offering women and drugs to passers by.

"People lose their souls here to the needle and the pipe," says recovering
addict Cesar Ortega, 23, an American from San Diego who has lived in Agua
Prieta for nearly a year.

"I followed the cheap drugs here," says Ortega, who sells hot pepper
Popsicles to drivers stuck in traffic to raise funds for Centro Sida, a
local AIDS hospice and outpatient drug-treatment center. "I'll go back home
in a few more months, after I've done good to make up for all the bad."

One of the dealers who supplies Centro Sida's future patients is Carlos, who
made it from Acapulco to San Diego for two years before he was deported. He
wound up in Agua Prieta. Carlos works a corner within earshot of the barking
drug dogs at the US border crossing station, selling $35 tickets for a
shuttle bus from Agua Prieta to Phoenix, which departs six times daily.

As a sideline, he also sells crack. One of his customers is Manny, who came
to Agua Prieta eight months ago from Chihuahua. Wearing a backward Guess
Jeans baseball cap and an eager smile, Manny emerges from a train yard with
the pink glow of the setting sun at his back, walks up to Carlos and
procures a pebble of cocaine in a smooth hand-to-hand transfer.

Manny snags an empty Tecate can from a gutter, peels off the pop-top and
uses it to punch a hole in the aluminum. Then he taps some ash from a
cigarette over the small hole, puts the crack in the ash, heats it with his
cigarette, then dances the flame of a lighter over the bubbling, noxious
rock and inhales a deep hit.

The crack lances the pleasure center in Manny's brain. He reels back against
a wall and exhales. The sickly sweet smoke drifts slowly toward America,
vanishing into the harsh white lights atop towers guarding the entrance to
the forbidden promised land.
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